t4nhpt t4nhpt - 7 months ago 57
Swift Question

Waiting for multiple asynchronous download tasks

I want to download some files, for example 100 files, at the same time. So I decided to add my download threads to a dispatch queue, and GCD will adjust how many threads will run at the same time.

The problem here is: the block in

will be completed immediately, because
will run on another thread. So, if
's length is 100, it will create 100 threads immediately.

var queueDownloadTask = dispatch_queue_create("downloadQueue", nil)

for url in urls {
dispatch_async(queueDownloadTask) {

let config = NSURLSessionConfiguration.defaultSessionConfiguration()
let fileTransferSession = NSURLSession(configuration: config)

let task = fileTransferSession.downloadTaskWithURL(url, completionHandler: { (responseUrl, response, error) -> Void in

How can I configure the block in
to wait for the download task to complete?
I don't want use
, because it only allow run one download task at the same time.


To expand on Abhinav's answer, you should:

  1. Use dispatch_group_create() to create a group.
  2. Call dispatch_group_enter(group) before starting each download task.
  3. Call dispatch_group_leave(group) inside the task's completion handler.
  4. Then call dispatch_group_notify(group, queue, ^{ ... }) to enqueue a block that will be executed when all the tasks are completed.

You can see an example in this post.

(By the way, it's not true that doing 100 dispatch_asyncs in a row will create 100 threads immediately. The system still retains control over how many threads to use to satisfy the queue. However, your code does not wait for any of the tasks to complete before it returns, nor does it attempt to synchronize between multiple tasks completing.)