Nicolas S.Xu Nicolas S.Xu - 2 months ago 6
TypeScript Question

what is new() in Typescript?

I encountered

new()
in the official document here about generics.

Here is the code context:

function create<T>(c: { new(): T; } ): T {
return new c();
}


The above code is transpiled to the following JavaScript code:

function create(c) {
return new c();
}


new()
is illegal syntax in JavaScript. What does it mean in TypeScript?

Furthermore, what does
{new(): T; }
mean? I know it must be a type, but how?

Answer

new() describes a constructor signature in typescript. What that means is that it describes the shape of the constructor. For instance take {new(): T; }. You are right it is a type. It is the type of a class whose constructor takes in no arguments. Consider the following examples

function create<T>(c: { new(): T; } ): T {
    return new c();
}

What this means is that the function create takes an argument whose constructor takes no arguments and returns an instance of type T.

function create<T>(c: { new(a: number): T; } ): T

What this would mean is that the create function takes an argument whose constructor accepts one number a and returns an instance of type T. Another way to explain it can be, the type of the following class

class Test {
    constructor(a: number){

    }
}

would be {new(a: number): Test}

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