Hulk Hulk - 5 months ago 9
Python Question

Django models avoid duplicates

In models:

class Getdata(models.Model):
title = models.CharField(max_length=255)
state = models.CharField(max_length=2, choices=STATE, default="0")
name = models.ForeignKey(School)
created_by = models.ForeignKey(profile)

def __unicode__(self):
return self.id()


In templates:

<form>
<input type="submit" value="save the data" />
</form>


If the user clicks on the save button and the above data is saved in the table, how to avoid the duplicates, i.e. if the user again clicks on the same submit button there should not be another entry for the same values. Or is it something that has to be handled in views?

Answer

If an individual field needs to be unique, then you just add unique=True:

class Getdata(models.Model):
    title = models.CharField(max_length=255, unique=True)
    state = models.CharField(max_length=2, choices=STATE, default="0")
    name = models.ForeignKey(School)
    created_by = models.ForeignKey(profile)

If you want a combination of fields to be unique, you need unique_together:

class Getdata(models.Model):
    title = models.CharField(max_length=255)
    state = models.CharField(max_length=2, choices=STATE, default="0")
    name = models.ForeignKey(School)
    created_by = models.ForeignKey(profile)
    class Meta:
        unique_together = ["title", "state", "name"]
Comments