dev-jim dev-jim - 1 month ago 8
Python Question

Differences between STATICFILES_DIR, STATIC_ROOT and MEDIA_ROOT

What are the differences of these three static url?

I am not sure if I am right, I am using the

MEDIA_ROOT
to store my uploaded photos (via
models.ImageField()
)

However, I created a JS script to my admin and in
admin.py
. I defined the media as below:

....
class Media:
js = ('/admin/custom.js', )


and my
settings.py
:

....
STATIC_ROOT = "/home/user/project/django1/top/listing/static"


and I added the
custom.js
to
STATIC_ROOT/admin/custom.js
, but it is not working. Throwing 404 not found error.

And then I change the
STATIC_ROOT
to
STATICFILES_DIRS
, and it works!!

....
STATICFILES_DIRS = "/home/user/project/django1/top/listing/static"


So, I am not understand what is going on here. In fact, I just don't understand what is the difference between
STATIC_ROOT
and
STATICFILES_DIRS
.

Currently I am testing Django in my machine via virtualenv, not deployed yet, is it the reason
STATIC_ROOT
not working??

Answer

You can find a definition for each of these settings in the documentation. Here is a quick definition (of my own) and a quotation of the doc, for each:

  • MEDIA_ROOT is the folder where every files uploaded with an FileField will go.

    Absolute filesystem path to the directory that will hold user-uploaded files.

  • STATIC_ROOT is the folder where every static files will be stored after a manage.py collectstatic

    The absolute path to the directory where collectstatic will collect static files for deployment.

    If the staticfiles contrib app is enabled (default) the collectstatic management command will collect static files into this directory. See the howto on managing static files for more details about usage.

  • STATICFILES_DIRS is the list of folder where Django will search for additional static files, in addition to each static folder of each app installed.

    This setting defines the additional locations the staticfiles app will traverse if the FileSystemFinder finder is enabled, e.g. if you use the collectstatic or findstatic management command or use the static file serving view.


In your setting, you should have:

MEDIA_ROOT = os.path.join(BASE_DIR, "media/")
STATIC_ROOT = os.path.join(BASE_DIR, "static/")

STATICFILES_DIRS = ("/home/user/project/django1/top/listing/static", )  # Make a tuple of strings instead of a string

... where BASE_DIR = os.path.dirname(os.path.dirname(os.path.abspath(__file__))), as defined in the default Django settings.py template now.

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