brett brett - 3 months ago 17
C++ Question

Why is auto_ptr being deprecated?

I heard

auto_ptr
is being deprecated in C++11. What is the reason for this?

Also I would like to know the difference between
auto_ptr
and
shared_ptr
.

Answer

The direct replacement for auto_ptr (or the closest thing to one anyway) is unique_ptr. As far as the "problem" goes, it's pretty simple: auto_ptr transfers ownership when it's assigned. unique_ptr also transfers ownership, but thanks to codification of move semantics and the magic of rvalue references, it can do so considerably more naturally. It also "fits" with the rest of the standard library considerably better (though, in fairness, some of that is thanks to the rest of the library changing to accommodate move semantics instead of always requiring copying).

The change in name is also (IMO) a welcome one -- auto_ptr doesn't really tell you much about what it attempts to automate, whereas unique_ptr is a fairly reasonable (if terse) description of what's provided.

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