AlleyOOP AlleyOOP - 1 year ago 1642
HTML Question

How to make a callback to Google Maps init in separate files of a web app

When I had my Google Maps API snippet:

<script async defer src=""></script>

, I got the error:
Uncaught InvalidValueError: initMap is not a function

I want to keep all of my
, CSS, API, and script declarations in my
file on my Yeoman-scaffolded AngularJS web app. The map I was actually trying to recreate would be on another route, let's call it route "afterlogin", just a basic map. I separated the js and the html html components into

There are a number of potential causes for this. One of which was presented here as a matter of adjusting the call to match the namespace, . Would this require an angular service? If so, how would the service work into the
function and its call in the Google maps api snippet?

One of the complications is the order. I'm new to web app dev, but from what I can tell the
loads first, uses the url in the snippet to make the callback to the
function which is not featured in
in the
file nor in the
file. Instead, since the init function is in a route's js code, it cannot be seen, hence the need for some kind of "namespace" version of the call. This leads to a console error even from the login route, which is not even where the
for the map is.

---- EDIT: ----

Also note that in this case, this did not do the trick:

window.initMap = function(){

This also does not apply, as the function is never called: Uncaught InvalidValueError: initMap is not a function

-- -- -- -- -- --


angular.module('myappproject').controller('AfterloginCtrl', function ($scope) {

function initMap() {
var map = new google.maps.Map(document.getElementById('map'), {
zoom: 17,
center: {lat: -33.8666, lng: 151.1958}

var marker = new google.maps.Marker({
map: map,
// Define the place with a location, and a query string.
place: {
location: {lat: -33.8666, lng: 151.1958},
query: 'Google, Sydney, Australia'

// Attributions help users find your site again.
attribution: {
source: 'Google Maps JavaScript API',
webUrl: ''

// Construct a new InfoWindow.
var infoWindow = new google.maps.InfoWindow({
content: 'Google Sydney'

// Opens the InfoWindow when marker is clicked.
marker.addListener('click', function() {, marker);


<!DOCTYPE html>
<title>after login page</title>
<meta name="viewport" content="initial-scale=1.0, user-scalable=no">
<meta charset="utf-8">
html, body {
height: 100%;
margin: 0;
padding: 0;
#map {
height: 100%;

<div id="map"></div>


Answer Source

Since the Google Maps SDK script load a synchronic (due the async attribute), there is the callback parameter in the URL.

To solve the problem, you need to understand the async mechanism in google sdk

The async attribute lets the browser render the rest of your website while the Maps JavaScript API loads. When the API is ready, it will call the function specified using the callback parameter.

So the solution is to load the script synchronic:

In the script tag that loads the Maps JavaScript API, it is possible to omit the async attribute and the callback parameter. This will cause the loading of the API to block until the API is downloaded.

This will probably slow your page load. But it means you can write subsequent script tags assuming that the API is already loaded.

  1. You can remove the async attribute that way, the page will stop running until the script will complete downloaded and run on the page. So, when the browser will get to your code, all the SDK object will be available.
  2. Now, since there is not code that calls to the initMap function (remember: who called it, it was the sdk script which call it only in the async mode), you need to call it by yourself. So, just call it in the end of the controller.
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