Vivek Chandra Vivek Chandra - 3 months ago 9
CSS Question

Icon Fonts: How do they work?

I understand that icon fonts are just fonts and that you can get the icons by just calling their classname, but how do icon fonts work?

I've tried checking the related icon font resources loaded in Chrome to see how icon fonts display icons (in comparison to general fonts) but I haven't been able to figure out how this happens.

I've also been unsuccessful in finding resources on how this "icon font technique" is done, even though there are loads of icon fonts available. There are also loads of resources showing how icon fonts can be integrated, but no one seems to be sharing or writing about how this is done!

Answer

Glyphicons are images and not a font. All the icons are found within a sprite image (also available as individual images) and they are added to the elements as positioned backround-images:

Glyphicons

Actual font icons (FontAwesome, for instance) do involve downloading a specific font and make use of the content property, for instance:

@font-face {
    ...
    src: url('../font/fontawesome-webfont.eot?#iefix&v=3.0.1') format('embedded-opentype'),
         url('../font/fontawesome-webfont.woff?v=3.0.1') format('woff'),
         url('../font/fontawesome-webfont.ttf?v=3.0.1') format('truetype');
    ...
}

.icon-beer:before {
    content: "\f0fc";
}

As the content property isn't supported in older browsers, these also make use of images.

Here's an example of completely raw FontAwesome in use as a font, turning  ( - you may not be able to see this!) into an ambulance: http://jsfiddle.net/GWqcF/2

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