Binyamin Binyamin - 4 years ago 81
PHP Question

How to make <option selected="selected"> set by MySQL and PHP?

How to make

<option selected="selected">
set by MySQL and PHP?

My code:

echo '<select>';
$tempholder = array();
$rs = mysql_query("SELECT * FROM id ORDER BY year");
$nr = mysql_num_rows($rs);
for ($i=0; $i<$nr; $i++){
$r = mysql_fetch_array($rs);
//if($year==$r["year"]){ $selected=' selected="selected"'; }//doesn't work so
if (!in_array($r['year'], $tempholder)){
$tempholder[$i] = $r['year'];
echo "<option>".$r["year"]."</option>";//<option$selected>...
}
}
unset($tempholder);
echo '</select>';

Answer Source

In addition to fixing the =/== gotcha, you can save yourself the array lookup and make the code simpler by asking the database to return each year only once in the query:

<select>
    <?php $result= mysql_query('SELECT DISTINCT year FROM id ORDER BY year'); ?>
    <?php while($row= mysql_fetch_assoc($result)) { ?>
        <option <?php if ($row['year']==$year) { ?>selected="selected"<?php } ?>>
            <?php echo htmlspecialchars($row['year']); ?>
        </option>
    <?php } ?>
</select>

(You may not need htmlspecialchars() assuming that's a numeric year, but it's good practice always to HTML-escape any plain text you include in an HTML template. You can define a function with a shorter name to do the echo htmlspecialchars to cut down on typing. )

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