krul krul - 3 years ago 233
SQL Question

What is the effect of omitting size in nvarchar declaration

I usually define size when declaring parameters in my SP, like :

@myParam nvarchar(size)

or when I casting or converting:

CAST(@myParam AS nvarchar(size))

Recently I've removed size from my CAST functions like:

CAST(@myParam AS nvarchar)

and I'm bit worried if that is going to come and bite me when least expected :-(, since I noticed truncation on nvarchar variables when using recursive CTE and casting nvarchar without specifying size.

Any comments?

Answer Source

If you omit the size, it defaults to 30. See this:

To see this in action, try executing the following statements:

--outputs: 12345678901234567890.098765432 
select cast (12345678901234567890.098765432 as nvarchar)

--throws "Arithmetic overflow error converting expression to data type nvarchar."
select cast (12345678901234567890.0987654321 as nvarchar) 

--outputs: 12345678901234567890.0987654321 
select cast (12345678901234567890.0987654321 as nvarchar(31))

Per @krul's comment; 30 is the default length for CAST; however the default length for a data definition or variable declaration is 1.

NB: There's also an STR function which converts numeric fields to strings, for which the default length is 10.

--outputs: 1234567890
select str(1234567890)

--outputs: **********
select str(12345678901)

--outputs: 12345678901
select str(12345678901,11)
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