traped traped - 3 months ago 25
C Question

How to install libpng correcly?

I am trying to access png pixel data in my C code on. I found this library libpng. I downloaded latest version from this site, I am using Ubuntu 14.04. I followed the instructions in the INSTALL file. Everything went well. And then I tried to compile with gcc this piece of code. But I received this:

/tmp/ccWa9LDO.o: In function `read_png_file':
test.c:(.text+0x13c): undefined reference to `png_sig_cmp'
test.c:(.text+0x16f): undefined reference to `png_create_read_struct'
test.c:(.text+0x1a0): undefined reference to `png_create_info_struct'
test.c:(.text+0x1db): undefined reference to `png_set_longjmp_fn'
test.c:(.text+0x20c): undefined reference to `png_init_io'
test.c:(.text+0x220): undefined reference to `png_set_sig_bytes'
test.c:(.text+0x239): undefined reference to `png_read_info'
test.c:(.text+0x252): undefined reference to `png_get_image_width'
test.c:(.text+0x271): undefined reference to `png_get_image_height'
test.c:(.text+0x290): undefined reference to `png_get_color_type'
test.c:(.text+0x2af): undefined reference to `png_get_bit_depth'
test.c:(.text+0x2c4): undefined reference to `png_set_interlace_handling'
test.c:(.text+0x2e3): undefined reference to `png_read_update_info'
test.c:(.text+0x2fc): undefined reference to `png_set_longjmp_fn'
test.c:(.text+0x36f): undefined reference to `png_get_rowbytes'
test.c:(.text+0x3b2): undefined reference to `png_read_image'
/tmp/ccWa9LDO.o: In function `write_png_file':
test.c:(.text+0x430): undefined reference to `png_create_write_struct'
test.c:(.text+0x461): undefined reference to `png_create_info_struct'
test.c:(.text+0x49c): undefined reference to `png_set_longjmp_fn'
test.c:(.text+0x4cd): undefined reference to `png_init_io'
test.c:(.text+0x4e6): undefined reference to `png_set_longjmp_fn'
test.c:(.text+0x559): undefined reference to `png_set_IHDR'
test.c:(.text+0x572): undefined reference to `png_write_info'
test.c:(.text+0x58b): undefined reference to `png_set_longjmp_fn'
test.c:(.text+0x5bf): undefined reference to `png_write_image'
test.c:(.text+0x5d8): undefined reference to `png_set_longjmp_fn'
test.c:(.text+0x607): undefined reference to `png_write_end'
/tmp/ccWa9LDO.o: In function `process_file':
test.c:(.text+0x692): undefined reference to `png_get_color_type'
test.c:(.text+0x6be): undefined reference to `png_get_color_type'
test.c:(.text+0x6db): undefined reference to `png_get_color_type'
collect2: error: ld returned 1 exit status


I don't understand it because I would expect that if there is problem with installation I would get errors just for including
png.h
. Anyone has some idea?

Answer

You said in the comments that you use gcc my_code.c, try

gcc my_code.c -lpng

The -l flag links a library, in this case libpng12-dev.

Linking means that your compiler adds the code from all the object files to create a single executable file. The object files are the separate compiled source code files (the .o files).

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