Cody Cody - 26 days ago 4x
C Question

What is file position pointer?

I am learning C using this site.


Function the author said:

This function reads a single character from a file and after reading increments the file position pointer.

FILE *fp;
fp = fopen(filename, "r");

What I want to ask is that the
file position pointer
is different from the pointer
or not?

Rob Rob

No, they are not the same. fp is a pointer to a structure FILE. The file position pointer points to the position in the file, obviously.

You can find this by looking at stdio.h in your include path. In FreeBSD, FILE is defined as:

struct __sFILE {
    unsigned char *_p;  /* (*) current position in (some) buffer */
    int _r;     /* (*) read space left for getc() */
    int _w;     /* (*) write space left for putc() */
    short   _flags;     /* (*) flags, below; this FILE is free if 0 */
    short   _file;      /* (*) fileno, if Unix descriptor, else -1 */
    struct  __sbuf _bf; /* (*) the buffer (at least 1 byte, if !NULL) */
    int _lbfsize;   /* (*) 0 or -_bf._size, for inline putc */
/* operations */
void    *_cookie;   /* (*) cookie passed to io functions */
int (*_close)(void *);
int (*_read)(void *, char *, int);
fpos_t  (*_seek)(void *, fpos_t, int);
int (*_write)(void *, const char *, int);

/* separate buffer for long sequences of ungetc() */
struct  __sbuf _ub; /* ungetc buffer */
unsigned char   *_up;   /* saved _p when _p is doing ungetc data */
int _ur;        /* saved _r when _r is counting ungetc data */

/* tricks to meet minimum requirements even when malloc() fails */
unsigned char _ubuf[3]; /* guarantee an ungetc() buffer */
unsigned char _nbuf[1]; /* guarantee a getc() buffer */

/* separate buffer for fgetln() when line crosses buffer boundary */
struct  __sbuf _lb; /* buffer for fgetln() */

/* Unix stdio files get aligned to block boundaries on fseek() */
int _blksize;   /* stat.st_blksize (may be != _bf._size) */
fpos_t  _offset;    /* current lseek offset */

struct pthread_mutex *_fl_mutex;    /* used for MT-safety */
struct pthread *_fl_owner;  /* current owner */
int _fl_count;  /* recursive lock count */
int _orientation;   /* orientation for fwide() */
__mbstate_t _mbstate;   /* multibyte conversion state */
int _flags2;    /* additional flags */
typedef struct __sFILE FILE;