keelar keelar - 4 years ago 154
Java Question

Storing different types of elements in a List in Java

I'm trying to develop a general table loader which schema is known at runtime. This requires having a class which contains a list of different types of elements and supports various get and set method such as

getInt(int index)
,
asString(int index)
,
asStringList(int index)
. The types of elements I consider are
Integer
,
Double
,
String
, and
List<Integer>
,
List<Double>
and
List<String>
. The actual type of each element is known in run time, and I will store them in a List describing its schema for further processing.

My question is: should I store such list of elements in
List<Object>
or
List<? extends Object>
? or is there better way to implement such class?

Answer Source

Since the common ancestor of your classes is Object, and because List<? extends Object> does not make things any cleaner (after all, everything extends Object) it looks like List<Object> would be an OK choice.

However, such list would be a mixed bag: you would need to check run-time type of the object inside, and make decisions based on that; this is definitely not a good thing.

A better alternative would be creating your own class that implements operations on elements of the list the uniform way, and make one subclass for each subtype that implements these operations differently. This would let you treat the list in a uniform way, pushing the per-object differentiation into your wrappers.

public interface ItemWrapper {
    int calculateSomething();
}
public abstract class IntWrapper implements ItemWrapper {
    private int value;
    public IntWrapper(int v) { value=v; }
    public abstract int calculateSomething() {return value;}
}
public abstract class DblListWrapper implements  ItemWrapper {
    private List<Double> list;
    public DblListWrapper (List<Double> lst) { list = lst; }
    public int calculateSomething() {
        int res;
        for (Double d : list) {
            res += d;
        }
        return res;
    }
}
....
// ...and so on

Now you can make a list of ItemWrapper objects, and calculateSomething on them without checking their type:

List<ItemWrapper> = myList = new ArrayList<ItemWrapper>();
...
for (ItemWrapper w : myList) {
    System.out.println(w.calculateSomething());
}
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