Arslan Sheerazi Arslan Sheerazi - 2 years ago 101
Android Question

Method NdefRecord.createTextRecord("en" , "string") not working below API level 21

This code works fine when I use it on a device with Android Lollipop (5.x) or Marshmallow (6.0):

public NdefMessage createNdfMessage(String content) {
NdefRecord record = NdefRecord.createTextRecord("en", content);
NdefMessage msg = new NdefMessage(new NdefRecord[]{record});
return msg;

But when I try this on a device with Android 4.2.2 (API level 17) my app crashes. How can I use this code to create a Text record on API levels below 21 (that's the API level where the method
became available)?

Answer Source

The method NdefRecord.createTextRecord() was introduced in API level 21. Consequently, it is not available on platforms below that API level. However, you could easily assemble the Text record on your own. The payload of a Text record consists of a status byte, a language code field, and a text field:

| Status byte | Language code | Text                     |
| (1 byte)    | (n byte)      | (m byte)                 |
  • The status byte indicates the character encoding of the text field (0 = UTF-8, 1 = UTF-16) in bit 7 and the length n of the language code in bits 5..0. Bit 6 must always be zero.
  • The language code filed contains an IANA language code encoded in US-ASCII (e.g. "en").

You could create the Text record using this method:

public static NdefRecord createTextRecord(String language, String text) {
    byte[] languageBytes;
    byte[] textBytes;
    try {
        languageBytes = language.getBytes("US-ASCII");
        textBytes = text.getBytes("UTF-8");
    } catch (UnsupportedEncodingException e) {
        throw new AssertionError(e);

    byte[] recordPayload = new byte[1 + (languageBytes.length & 0x03F) + textBytes.length];

    recordPayload[0] = (byte)(languageBytes.length & 0x03F);
    System.arraycopy(languageBytes, 0, recordPayload, 1, languageBytes.length & 0x03F);
    System.arraycopy(textBytes, 0, recordPayload, 1 + (languageBytes.length & 0x03F), textBytes.length);

    return new NdefRecord(NdefRecord.TNF_WELL_KNOWN, NdefRecord.RTD_TEXT, null, recordPayload);

NdefRecord r = createTextRecord("en", content);
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