TheSHEEEP TheSHEEEP - 1 month ago 12
C# Question

How to pass a delegate or function pointer from C# to C++ and call it there using InternalCall

I have the following setup in C#:

public delegate void CallbackDelegate(string message);
[MethodImplAttribute(MethodImplOptions.InternalCall)]
public static extern void setCallback(CallbackDelegate aCallback);

public void testCallbacks()
{
System.Console.Write("Registering C# callback...\n");
setCallback(callback01);
}

public void callback01(string message)
{
System.Console.Write("callback 01 called: " + message + "\n");
}


And this in C++ (the function is registered correctly via mono_add_internal_call ):

typedef void (*CallbackFunction)(const char*);
void setCallback(MonoDelegate* delegate)
{
// How to convert the MonoDelegate to a proper function pointer?
// So that I can call it like func("test");
}


The C++-function is called and something is passed to the delegate variable.
But what now?

I looked around and found the function "mono_delegate_to_ftnptr" mentioned a few times, and from those examples it seems to be exactly what I need.

However, this function simply does not seem to exist in my distribution of mono (4.6), so I can only guess it does not exist any more.

I also found a few examples of how to do this with PInvoke. Which is something I do not want to use - since InternalCall is much faster for my purpose.

Of course, if PInvoke would be the only way, so be it, but I doubt that.

In the end, I am really at a loss at how to proceed from here.

Answer

After some more hours of digging I finally found a (the?) solution.
Basically, what works for the PInvoke approach works here as well, you can pass a function pointer instead of a delegate from C# to C(++).
I'd prefer a solution where you can pass a delegate directly, but you can always add some wrapper code in C# to at least make it look like that.

Solution:

C#:

public delegate void CallbackDelegate(string message);
[MethodImplAttribute(MethodImplOptions.InternalCall)]
public static extern void setCallback(IntPtr aCallback);

private CallbackDelegate del; 
public void testCallbacks()
{
    System.Console.Write("Registering C# callback...\n");
    del = new CallbackDelegate(callback01);
    setCallback(Marshal.GetFunctionPointerForDelegate(del));

    System.Console.Write("Calling passed C++ callback...\n");
}

public void callback01(string message)
{
    System.Console.Write("callback 01 called. Message: " + message + "\n");
}

C++:

typedef void (*CallbackFunction)(MonoString*);
void setCallback(CallbackFunction delegate)
{
    std::cout << &delegate << std::endl;
    delegate(mono_string_new(mono_domain_get(), "Test string set in C++"));
}

Watch out, though: You need to keep the delegate around in C# somehow (which is why I assigned it to "del") or it will be caught by the GC and your callback will become invalid.
It makes sense, of course, but I feel this is easy to forget in this case.