Raiden Worley Raiden Worley - 1 year ago 74
C++ Question

Why is my OpenSSL/libcrypto signature incorrect?

I need to sign a string, publish the public key as a string, and then somewhere else use the public key to verify the signed message. This is the part where the message is signed:

// RSA keypair generation
EVP_PKEY *keypair = NULL;
EVP_PKEY_CTX *ctx = EVP_PKEY_CTX_new_id(EVP_PKEY_RSA, NULL);
if (1 != EVP_PKEY_keygen_init(ctx)) {
initFail = true;
}
if (1 != EVP_PKEY_CTX_set_rsa_keygen_bits(ctx, 2048)) {
initFail = true;
}
if (1 != EVP_PKEY_keygen(ctx, &keypair)) {
initFail = true;
}
EVP_PKEY_CTX_free(ctx);


// Create public key string.
BIO* bo = BIO_new(BIO_s_mem());
PEM_write_bio_PUBKEY(bo, keypair);
char buff[1000];
BIO_read(bo, &buff[0], 1000);
BIO_free(bo);
pubkey = buff;


// Create signature
size_t *slen = new size_t;
unsigned char *sig = NULL;
std::string msg;
msg = stuffThatCreatesMessage();
EVP_MD_CTX *mdctx = EVP_MD_CTX_create();
if (1 != EVP_DigestSignInit(mdctx, NULL, EVP_sha256(),
NULL, keypair)) {
initFail = true;
}
if (1 != EVP_DigestSignUpdate(mdctx, msg.c_str(), msg.length())) {
initFail = true;
}
if (1 != EVP_DigestSignFinal(mdctx, NULL, slen)) {
initFail = true;
}
sig = (unsigned char *) OPENSSL_malloc(
sizeof(unsigned char) * (*slen));
if (1 != EVP_DigestSignFinal(mdctx, sig, slen)) {
initFail = true;
}
signature = *sig;
OPENSSL_free(sig);

bool isSuccess = verifySignature(signature, pubkey, msg);


Here's the code that takes the string message and key and actually verifies the signature:

bool verifySignature(std::string sig, std::string key_str, std::string msg) {
BIO* bo = BIO_new(BIO_s_mem());
BIO_write(bo, key_str.c_str(), key_str.length());
EVP_PKEY *key = EVP_PKEY_new();
PEM_read_bio_PUBKEY(bo, &key, 0, 0);
BIO_free(bo);

unsigned char *unsigned_sig = new unsigned char[sig.length()+1];
strcpy((char *) unsigned_sig, sig.c_str());
EVP_MD_CTX *mdctx = EVP_MD_CTX_create();
if (1 != EVP_DigestVerifyInit(mdctx, NULL, EVP_sha256(), NULL, key)) {
return false;
}
if (1 != EVP_DigestVerifyUpdate(mdctx, msg.c_str(), msg.length())) {
return false;
}
bool retval = (1 == EVP_DigestVerifyFinal(mdctx, unsigned_sig,
sig.length()));
delete unsigned_sig;
return retval;
}


Every time I do this, the latter function tells me the signature is invalid, with the
isSuccess
variable equal to 0. It's because the
EVP_DigestSignFinal
is returning 0, indicating that the signature is incorrect. Where am I going wrong?

Answer Source

The problem, pointed out by @jww, was the line signature = *sig. I was ending up with only the first byte as my signature string. The correct way to do it is:

std::string temp_sig = reinterpret_cast<char*>(sig);
signature = temp_sig.substr(0, *slen);
Recommended from our users: Dynamic Network Monitoring from WhatsUp Gold from IPSwitch. Free Download