Obmerk Kronen Obmerk Kronen - 4 days ago 5
Javascript Question

Difference between application/x-javascript and text/javascript content types

What is the difference between these headers?

Content-Type: application/javascript
Content-Type: application/x-javascript
Content-Type: text/javascript


Which one is best and why?

Please do not say they are identical - if they were identical there would not have been two of them. I know both work - but I would like to know the difference.

Answer

text/javascript is obsolete, and application/x-javascript was experimental (hence the x- prefix) for a transitional period until application/javascript could be standardised.

You should use application/javascript. This is documented in the RFC.

As far a browsers are concerned, there is no difference (at least in HTTP headers). This was just a change so that the text/* and application/* MIME type groups had a consistent meaning where possible. (text/* MIME types are intended for human readable content, JavaScript is not designed to directly convey meaning to humans).

Note that using application/javascript in the type attribute of a script element will cause the script to be ignored (as being in an unknown language) in some older browsers. Either continue to use text/javascript there or omit the attribute entirely (which is permitted in HTML 5).

This isn't a problem in HTTP headers as browsers universally (as far as I'm aware) either ignore the HTTP content-type of scripts entirely, or are modern enough to recognise application/javascript.

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