Piotr Kamoda Piotr Kamoda - 3 months ago 35
C# Question

XDocument get element that defines it's own namespace

As question states. I have a xml document (below) and I need to get X_ScalarWebApi_DeviceInfo that defines namespace urn:schemas-sony-com:av. Unfortunately it results in an error:

{System.NullReferenceException: Object reference not set to an instance of an object
. I'm mainly interested in ServiceList element, but it doesn't work as well. Platform - Windows 10 mobile.
Any ideas?

<?xml version="1.0"?>
<root xmlns="urn:schemas-upnp-org:device-1-0">
<specVersion>
<major>1</major>
<minor>0</minor>
</specVersion>
<device>
<deviceType>urn:schemas-upnp-org:device:Basic:1</deviceType>
<friendlyName>ILCE-6000</friendlyName>
<manufacturer>Sony Corporation</manufacturer>
<manufacturerURL>http://www.sony.net/</manufacturerURL>
<modelDescription>SonyDigitalMediaServer</modelDescription>
<modelName>SonyImagingDevice</modelName>
<UDN>uuid:000000001000-1010-8000-62F1894EE7BE</UDN>
<serviceList>
<service>
<serviceType>urn:schemas-sony-com:service:ScalarWebAPI:1</serviceType>
<serviceId>urn:schemas-sony-com:serviceId:ScalarWebAPI</serviceId>
<SCPDURL/>
<controlURL/>
<eventSubURL/>
</service>
</serviceList>
<av:X_ScalarWebAPI_DeviceInfo xmlns:av="urn:schemas-sony-com:av">
<av:X_ScalarWebAPI_Version>1.0</av:X_ScalarWebAPI_Version>
<av:X_ScalarWebAPI_ServiceList>
<av:X_ScalarWebAPI_Service>
<av:X_ScalarWebAPI_ServiceType>guide</av:X_ScalarWebAPI_ServiceType>
<av:X_ScalarWebAPI_ActionList_URL>http://192.168.122.1:8080/sony</av:X_ScalarWebAPI_ActionList_URL>
<av:X_ScalarWebAPI_AccessType/>
</av:X_ScalarWebAPI_Service>
<av:X_ScalarWebAPI_Service>
<av:X_ScalarWebAPI_ServiceType>accessControl</av:X_ScalarWebAPI_ServiceType>
<av:X_ScalarWebAPI_ActionList_URL>http://192.168.122.1:8080/sony</av:X_ScalarWebAPI_ActionList_URL>
<av:X_ScalarWebAPI_AccessType/>
</av:X_ScalarWebAPI_Service>
<av:X_ScalarWebAPI_Service>
<av:X_ScalarWebAPI_ServiceType>camera</av:X_ScalarWebAPI_ServiceType>
<av:X_ScalarWebAPI_ActionList_URL>http://192.168.122.1:8080/sony</av:X_ScalarWebAPI_ActionList_URL>
<av:X_ScalarWebAPI_AccessType/>
</av:X_ScalarWebAPI_Service>
</av:X_ScalarWebAPI_ServiceList>
</av:X_ScalarWebAPI_DeviceInfo>
</device>
</root>


Ah, the code:

XDocument xDoc = XDocument.Parse(xml_text);
//var av = xDoc.Root.GetDefaultNamespace();//.Attribute("xmlns");//
XNamespace av = "urn:schemas-sony-com:av";
System.Diagnostics.Debug.WriteLine(av);
<XElement> api_list = (List<XElement>)xDoc.Element(av + "X_ScalarWebAPI_DeviceInfo").Elements();


==EDIT==
Well, both solutions were ok, so I'm upvoting one and marking as answer the other :P
It was mentioned that the solution using only a 'local name' might cause false positive search results, so to be safe I'm using the first one. Thanks for help!

Answer

Element only returns elements directly beneath the current node. You need the to specify the entire path (note there are multiple namespaces):

XNamespace ns = "urn:schemas-upnp-org:device-1-0";
XNamespace av = "urn:schemas-sony-com:av";

var api_list = xDoc.Root.Element(ns + "device")
    .Element(av + "X_ScalarWebAPI_DeviceInfo").Elements();
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