saulspatz saulspatz - 2 days ago 5
Python Question

Is there a difference between "brew install" and "pip install"?

I want to install pillow on my Mac. I have python 2.7 and python 3.4, both installed with Homebrew. I tried

brew install pillow
and it worked fine, but only for python 2.7. I haven't been able to find a way to install it for python 3. I tried
brew install pillow3
but no luck. I've found a post on SO that says to first install pip3 with Homebrew and then use
pip3 install pillow
. As it happens, I have already installed pip3.

I've never understood the difference, if any, between installing a python package with pip and installing it with Homebrew. Can you explain it to me? Also, is it preferable to install with Homebrew if a formula is available? If installing with Homebrew is indeed preferable, do you know how to install pillow for python 3 with Homebrew?

The first answers indicate that I haven't made myself plain. If I had installed pillow with
pip install pillow
instead of
brew install pillow
would the installation on my system be any different? Why would Homebrew make a formula that does something that pip already does? Would it check for additional prerequisites or something? Why is there a formula for pillow with python2, but not as far as I can tell for pillwo with python3?

Answer

well, packages for OSX may include packages for python.

pip is a packager for the python world - you should only ever be able to install python-things with it; homebrew is a package manager targetted at OSX; it doesn't impose any restrictions onto what software you can install with it - since python is a subset of software.

installing things with brew will install them into /usr/local/;

installing things with pip will fetch packages from the Python Package Index, and it will install them in a place where your python interpreter will find them: either into your home directory (e.g. ~/.local/lib/python2.7/site-packages/) or in some global search-path of your python interpreter (e.g. /usr/local/lib/python2.7/dist-packages/)

if you have installed the python interpreter via brew, then chances are high that any python-package installed via brew will be usable out of the box.

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