Shin Shin - 3 years ago 339
Python Question

HoughCircles circle detection using opencv and python-

I am trying to use OpenCV's (Hough)Circle detection to.. detect circles. I created a solid circle on a black background, tried to play with the parameters, used blur and everything, but I am just not able to make it find anything.

Any ideas, suggestions etc. would be great, thank you!

my current code is something like this:

import cv2
import numpy as np

"""
params = dict(dp=1,
minDist=1,
circles=None,
param1=300,
param2=290,
minRadius=1,
maxRadius=100)
"""

img = np.ones((200,250,3), dtype=np.uint8)
for i in range(50, 80, 1):
for j in range(40, 70, 1):
img[i][j]*=200

cv2.circle(img, (120,120), 20, (100,200,80), -1)


gray = cv2.cvtColor(img, cv2.COLOR_BGR2GRAY)
canny = cv2.Canny(gray, 200, 300)

cv2.imshow('shjkgdh', canny)
gray = cv2.medianBlur(gray, 5)
circles = cv2.HoughCircles(gray, cv2.cv.CV_HOUGH_GRADIENT, 1, 20,
param1=100,
param2=30,
minRadius=0,
maxRadius=0)

print circles
circles = np.uint16(np.around(circles))
for i in circles[0,:]:
cv2.circle(img,(i[0],i[1]),i[2],(0,255,0),2)
cv2.circle(img,(i[0],i[1]),2,(0,0,255),3)

cv2.imshow('circles', img)
k = cv2.waitKey(0)
if k == 27:
cv2.destroyAllWindows()

Answer Source

Your code is working just fine. The problem is in your HoughCircles threshold parameters.

Let's try to understand the parameters that you're using from OpenCV Docs:

param1 – First method-specific parameter. In case of CV_HOUGH_GRADIENT , it is the higher threshold of the two passed to the Canny() edge detector (the lower one is twice smaller).

param2 – Second method-specific parameter. In case of CV_HOUGH_GRADIENT , it is the accumulator threshold for the circle centers at the detection stage. The smaller it is, the more false circles may be detected. Circles, corresponding to the larger accumulator values, will be returned first.

So, as you can see, internally the HoughCircles function calls the Canny edge detector, this means that you can use a gray image in the function, instead of their contours.

Now reduce the param1 to 30 and param2 to 15 and see the results in the code that follows:

import cv2
import numpy as np

img = np.ones((200,250,3), dtype=np.uint8)
for i in range(50, 80, 1):
    for j in range(40, 70, 1):
        img[i][j]*=200

cv2.circle(img, (120,120), 20, (100,200,80), -1)

gray = cv2.cvtColor(img, cv2.COLOR_BGR2GRAY)

circles = cv2.HoughCircles(gray, cv2.cv.CV_HOUGH_GRADIENT, 1, 20,
              param1=30,
              param2=15,
              minRadius=0,
              maxRadius=0)

print circles
circles = np.uint16(np.around(circles))
for i in circles[0,:]:
    cv2.circle(img,(i[0],i[1]),i[2],(0,255,0),2)
    cv2.circle(img,(i[0],i[1]),2,(0,0,255),3)

cv2.imshow('circles', img)

k = cv2.waitKey(0)
if k == 27:
    cv2.destroyAllWindows()

HoughCircles

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