user664481 user664481 - 5 months ago 26
SQL Question

Get a list of database users and his/her permission right from SQL Server

I need to get a report which will show database users and his/her permission on SQL Server. Below is the query that will do the job.

WITH CTE AS
(
SELECT
[UserName] = CASE princ.[type]
WHEN 'S' THEN princ.[name]
WHEN 'U' THEN ulogin.[name] COLLATE Latin1_General_CI_AI
END,
[UserType] = CASE princ.[type]
WHEN 'S' THEN 'SQL User'
WHEN 'U' THEN 'Windows User'
END,
[DatabaseUserName] = princ.[name],
[Role] = null,
[PermissionType] = perm.[permission_name],
[PermissionState] = perm.[state_desc],
[ObjectType] = obj.type_desc,--perm.[class_desc],
[ObjectName] = OBJECT_NAME(perm.major_id),
[ColumnName] = col.[name]
FROM
--database user
sys.database_principals princ
LEFT JOIN
--Login accounts
sys.login_token ulogin on princ.[sid] = ulogin.[sid]
LEFT JOIN
--Permissions
sys.database_permissions perm ON perm.[grantee_principal_id] = princ.[principal_id]
LEFT JOIN
--Table columns
sys.columns col ON col.[object_id] = perm.major_id
AND col.[column_id] = perm.[minor_id]
LEFT JOIN
sys.objects obj ON perm.[major_id] = obj.[object_id]
WHERE
princ.[type] in ('S','U')
UNION
--List all access provisioned to a sql user or windows user/group through a database or application role
SELECT
[UserName] = CASE memberprinc.[type]
WHEN 'S' THEN memberprinc.[name]
WHEN 'U' THEN ulogin.[name] COLLATE Latin1_General_CI_AI
END,
[UserType] = CASE memberprinc.[type]
WHEN 'S' THEN 'SQL User'
WHEN 'U' THEN 'Windows User'
END,
[DatabaseUserName] = memberprinc.[name],
[Role] = roleprinc.[name],
[PermissionType] = perm.[permission_name],
[PermissionState] = perm.[state_desc],
[ObjectType] = obj.type_desc,--perm.[class_desc],
[ObjectName] = OBJECT_NAME(perm.major_id),
[ColumnName] = col.[name]
FROM
--Role/member associations
sys.database_role_members members
JOIN
--Roles
sys.database_principals roleprinc ON roleprinc.[principal_id] = members.[role_principal_id]
JOIN
--Role members (database users)
sys.database_principals memberprinc ON memberprinc.[principal_id] = members.[member_principal_id]
LEFT JOIN
--Login accounts
sys.login_token ulogin on memberprinc.[sid] = ulogin.[sid]
LEFT JOIN
--Permissions
sys.database_permissions perm ON perm.[grantee_principal_id] = roleprinc.[principal_id]
LEFT JOIN
--Table columns
sys.columns col on col.[object_id] = perm.major_id
AND col.[column_id] = perm.[minor_id]
LEFT JOIN
sys.objects obj ON perm.[major_id] = obj.[object_id]
)
SELECT * FROM CTE


The problem of this query is I need to manually run this statement by databases, if I have 10 databases on SQL Server then I need to run 10 times to get report from different databases.

Now I thinking to automate this job, what I'm think is to get list of databases from sql server by below sql statement.

SELECT name
FROM master.dbo.sysdatabases


and pass these results to store procedures. But I'm stuck at there, any help are much appreciated.

Answer

There are several ways how you can achieve this.

1) EXEC sp_MSforeachdb @command
You can use such command to run your query on each database on your server. Example here.

2) Cursor
You can also use Cursor, example here.

3) Dynamic SQL
Last option is IMO rewriting your query into Dynamic SQL. Example here.

It all depends how exactly this should work, what should be the result - one table with stored results or just see the results in SSMS.