okTalk okTalk - 1 year ago 100
Ruby Question

Why do I get a "permission denied" error while installing a gem?

I'm attempting to install Jekyll. After running

gem install jekyll
I get this error:

ERROR: While executing gem ... (Errno::EACCES)
Permission denied - /usr/local/lib/ruby/gems/2.0.0/gems/jekyll-1.0.3/CONTRIBUTING.md

I can see that Jekyll is installed when I run
gem list
so I'm thoroughly confused:

*** LOCAL GEMS ***

bigdecimal (1.2.0)
classifier (1.3.3)
colorator (0.1)
commander (4.1.3)
directory_watcher (1.4.1)
fast-stemmer (1.0.2)
highline (1.6.19)
io-console (0.4.2)
jekyll (1.0.3)
json (1.7.7)
kramdown (1.0.2)
liquid (2.5.0)
maruku (0.6.1)
minitest (4.3.2)
posix-spawn (0.3.6)
psych (2.0.0)
pygments.rb (0.5.1)
rake (0.9.6)
rdoc (4.0.0)
rubygems-update (2.0.3)
safe_yaml (0.7.1)
syntax (1.0.0)
test-unit (
yajl-ruby (1.1.0)

I've had a lot of problems with my user paths in the past, so I'm wondering if this error could have something to do with that?

Here is the output of
gem env

RubyGems Environment:
- RUBY VERSION: 2.0.0 (2013-02-24 patchlevel 0) [x86_64-darwin12.3.0]
- INSTALLATION DIRECTORY: /usr/local/Cellar/ruby/2.0.0-p0/lib/ruby/gems/2.0.0
- RUBY EXECUTABLE: /usr/local/Cellar/ruby/2.0.0-p0/bin/ruby
- EXECUTABLE DIRECTORY: /usr/local/Cellar/ruby/2.0.0-p0/bin
- ruby
- x86_64-darwin-12
- /usr/local/Cellar/ruby/2.0.0-p0/lib/ruby/gems/2.0.0
- /Users/me/.gem/ruby/2.0.0
- :update_sources => true
- :verbose => true
- :backtrace => false
- :bulk_threshold => 1000
- https://rubygems.org/

Here is my ".bash_profile":

export PATH="/usr/local/bin:/usr/local/sbin:~/bin:$PATH"

[[ -s "$HOME/.rvm/scripts/rvm" ]] && source "$HOME/.rvm/scripts/rvm" # Load RVM into a shell session *as a function*

source ~/.rvm/scripts/rvm

Could somebody please help me get Jekyll installed, or at least get past this permissions error?

Answer Source

Your Ruby is installed in /usr/local/Cellar/ruby/....

That is a restricted path and can only be written to when you use elevated privileges, either by running as root or by using sudo. I won't recommend you run things as root since you don't understand how paths and permissions work. You can use sudo gem install jekyll, which will temporarily elevate your permissions, giving your command the rights needed to write to that directory.

However, I'd recommend you give serious thought into NOT doing that, and instead use your RVM to install Ruby into your own home directory, where you'll automatically be able to install Rubies and gems without permission issues. See the directions for installing into a local RVM sandbox in "Single-User installations".

Because you have RVM in your ~/.bash_profile, but it doesn't show up in your Gem environment listing, I suspect you either haven't followed the directions for installing RVM correctly, or you haven't used the all-important command:

rvm use 2.0.0 --default

to configure a default Ruby.

For most users, the "Single-User installation" is the way to go. If you have to use sudo with that configuration you've done something wrong.

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