gauravhalbe gauravhalbe - 2 months ago 7
Ajax Question

Django: Get database object value in template using Ajax

I want to fetch database object depending on user selection. I know one possible solution could be Ajax, but I don't know how to get about it. Here is the code:

view.py:

def automation(request):
//some code
car = CAR.objects.get(ida_name='honda')
model = car.model_set.all()
//some code


template.html:

Select CAR: <select id="car" name="car">
{% for car in car_list %}
<option value="{{ car.id }}" id="{{ car.id }}">{{ car.car_name }}</option>
{% endfor %}
</select>

Select car model: <select id="model" name="model">
{% for model in car.model_set.all %}
<option value="{{ forloop.counter }}">{{ model.model_name }}</option>
{% endfor %}
</select>


Here, I want to pass a name eg.'honda' from my template (as soon as user selects it in drop down) to my view.py which would then fetch the corresponding object and return the result back to my template in 'model' drop down list. (So, basically the car model list refreshes when user selects any car from the car drop down list)

Note: Model is in many-to-many relationship with Car in models.py

I am stuck up here for quite long and any help would be really appreciated.

Answer

You can use AJAX to call back to your Django code and return the name of your car:

template.html

$(document).ready(function () {
    $(document).on("click",'.car_add', function() {
        $car_id = $(this).attr('id')
        $.ajax({
            type: "POST",
            // This is the dictionary you are SENDING to your Django code. 
            // We are sending the 'action':add_car and the 'id: $car_id  
            // which is a variable that contains what car the user selected
            data: { action: "add_car", id: $car_id },
            success: function(data){
                // This will execute when where Django code returns a dictionary 
                // called 'data' back to us.
                $("#car").html("<strong>"+data.car+"</strong>");                
            }
        });
    });
});

views.py

def post(self,request, *args, **kwargs):
    if self.request.is_ajax():
        return self.ajax(request)

def ajax(self, request):
    response_dict= {
        'success': True,
    }
    action = request.POST.get('action','')

    if action == 'add_car':
        car_id = request.POST.get('id','')

    if hasattr(self, action):
        response_dict = getattr(self, action)(request)
        car = CAR.objects.get(ida_name='car_id')
        response_dict = {
            'car_name':car.name
        }

    return HttpResponse(simplejson.dumps(response_dict),
                        mimetype='application/json')

So in summary, here is what you're doing:

  • Sending the 'id' of the car back to Django through Ajax.
  • Django 'posts' to itself, realizes it is an AJAX call and calls the AJAX function
  • Django see's that the action is 'add_car' and executes if statement
  • Django queries the DB using the id you sent it, returning a car
  • Django sends that data back to the page as a JSON object (a dictionary in this case)
  • JQuery updates the page using the passed information.

If you want to see a clear cut example, please see this Link

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