berkes berkes - 1 month ago 6
JSON Question

How to convert Nokogiri Document object into JSON

I have some parsed

Nokogiri::XML::Document
objects that I want to print as JSON.

I can go the route of making it a string, parsing it into a hash, with active-record or Crack and then Hash.to_json; but that is both ugly and depending on way too manay libraries.

Is there not a simpler way?

As per request in the comment, for example the XML
<root a="b"><a>b</a></root>
could be represented as JSON:

<root a="b"><a>b</a></root> #=> {"root":{"a":"b"}}
<root foo="bar"><a>b</a></root> #=> {"root":{"a":"b","foo":"bar"}}


That is what I get with Crack now too. And, sure, collisions between entities and child-tags are a potential problem, but I build most of the XML myself, so it is easiest for me to avoid these collisions alltogether :)

Answer

Here's one way to do it. As noted by my comment, the 'right' answer depends on what your output should be. There is no canonical representation of XML nodes in JSON, and hence no such capability is built into the libraries involved:

require 'nokogiri'
require 'json'
class Nokogiri::XML::Node
  def to_json(*a)
    {"$name"=>name}.tap do |h|
      kids = children.to_a
      h.merge!(attributes)
      h.merge!("$text"=>text) unless text.empty?
      h.merge!("$kids"=>kids) unless kids.empty?
    end.to_json(*a)
  end
end
class Nokogiri::XML::Document
  def to_json(*a); root.to_json(*a); end
end
class Nokogiri::XML::Text
  def to_json(*a); text.to_json(*a); end
end
class Nokogiri::XML::Attr
  def to_json(*a); value.to_json(*a); end
end

xml = Nokogiri::XML '<root a="b" xmlns:z="zzz">
  <z:a>Hello <b z:x="y">World</b>!</z:a>
</root>'
puts xml.to_json
{
  "$name":"root",
  "a":"b",
  "$text":"Hello World!",
  "$kids":[
    {
      "$name":"a",
      "$text":"Hello World!",
      "$kids":[
        "Hello ",
        {
          "$name":"b",
          "x":"y",
          "$text":"World",
          "$kids":[
            "World"
          ]
        },
        "!"
      ]
    }
  ]
}

Note that the above completely ignores namespaces, which may or may not be what you want.


Converting to JsonML

Here's another alternative that converts to JsonML. While this is a lossy conversion (it does not support comment nodes, DTDs, or namespace URLs) and the format is a little bit "goofy" by design (the first child element is at [1] or [2] depending on whether or not attributes are present), it does indicate namespace prefixes for elements and attributes:

require 'nokogiri'
require 'json'
class Nokogiri::XML::Node
  def namespaced_name
    "#{namespace && "#{namespace.prefix}:"}#{name}"
  end
end
class Nokogiri::XML::Element
  def to_json(*a)
    [namespaced_name].tap do |parts|
      unless attributes.empty?
        parts << Hash[ attribute_nodes.map{ |a| [a.namespaced_name,a.value] } ]
      end
      parts.concat(children.select{|n| n.text? ? (n.text=~/\S/) : n.element? })
    end.to_json(*a)
  end
end
class Nokogiri::XML::Document
  def to_json(*a); root.to_json(*a); end
end
class Nokogiri::XML::Text
  def to_json(*a); text.to_json(*a); end
end
class Nokogiri::XML::Attr
  def to_json(*a); value.to_json(*a); end
end

xml = Nokogiri::XML '<root a="b" xmlns:z="zzz">
  <z:a>Hello <b z:x="y">World</b>!</z:a>
</root>'
puts xml.to_json
#=> ["root",{"a":"b"},["z:a","Hello ",["b",{"z:x":"y"},"World"],"!"]]