Blub Blub - 1 month ago 10
TypeScript Question

How use an external non-typescript library from typescript without .d.ts?

I have defined these in my .html file:

<script type="text/javascript" src="bower_components/tree.js/tree.min.js"></script>
<script type="text/javascript" src="bower_components/q/q.js"></script>
<script type="text/javascript" src="test.js"></script>


Then in test.js:

var myTree = Tree.tree({})


But Typescript errors out saying: "Cannot find name 'Tree'"

I also tried compiling with
--module amd
and placing
import Tree = require("model/tree");
at the top of the test.js file, but it errors out again:
Cannot find external module 'model/tree'.
however clearly it should be a valid import, see here where it was defined: https://github.com/marmelab/tree.js/blob/master/src/main.js

I do not want to write .d.ts files for every single external javascript file I want to use, is that seriously what Typescript wants me to do?

Answer

I do not want to write .d.ts files for every single external javascript file I want to use, is that seriously what Typescript me to do?

No. The simplest / quickest solution is simply to tell it that there is some variable Tree out there. This is as simple as:

declare var Tree:any; // Magic
var myTree = Tree.tree({})

TypeSafety is a sliding scale in TypeScript. In this case you are only telling the compiler that there is something called Tree that you will manage and don't care for much typesafety beyond the fact that it is there.

More

IMHO: The line declare var Tree:any; is much simpler syntax than other JS veficiation tools would have you write to declare your usage of variables that are not present in your code.

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