necromancer necromancer - 4 months ago 9x
Java Question

Can I duplicate a Stream in Java 8?

Sometimes I want to perform a set of operations on a stream, and then process the resulting stream two different ways with other operations.

Can I do this without having to specify the common initial operations twice?

For example, I am hoping a

method such as the following exists:

Stream [] desired_streams = IntStream.range(1, 100).filter(n -> n % 2 == 0).dup();
Stream stream14 = desired_streams[0].filter(n -> n % 7 == 0); // multiples of 14
Stream stream10 = desired_streams[1].filter(n -> n % 5 == 0); // multiples of 10


It is not possible in general.

If you want to duplicate an input stream, or input iterator, you have two options:

A. Keep everything in a collection, say a List<>

More accurate: suppose you duplicate a stream into two streams s1 and s2. If you have advanced n1 elements in s1 and n2 elements with s2, you have to keep |n2 - n1| elements in memory, just to keep pace. If your stream is infinite, there will be no upper bound for the storage required.

Take a look at Python's tee() to see what it takes:

This itertool may require significant auxiliary storage (depending on how much temporary data needs to be stored). In general, if one iterator uses most or all of the data before another iterator starts, it is faster to use list() instead of tee().

B. When possible: Copy the state of the generator that creates the elements

For this option to work, you'll probably need access to the inner workings of the stream. In other words, the generator - the part that creates the elements - should support copying in the first place. [OP: See this great answer, as an example of how this can be done for the example in the question]

It will not work on input from the user, since you'll have to copy the state of the whole "outside world". Java's Stream do not support copying, since it is designed to be as general as possible, specifically to work with files, network, keyboard, sensors, randomness etc. [OP: Another example is a stream that reads a temperature sensor on demand. It cannot be duplicated without storing a copy of the readings]

This is not only the case in Java; this is a general rule. You can see that std::istream in C++ only supports move semantics, not copy semantics ("copy constructor (deleted)"), for this reason (and others).