Joissa.R Joissa.R - 1 month ago 14
C++ Question

OpenCV Error: Assertion failed (scn == 3 || scn == 4) in cv:: cvtColor, file ..\..\..\..\opencv\modules\imgproc\src\color.cpp, line 3737

Hi I am trying to run this sample code from OpenCV:

#include "opencv2\opencv.hpp"

using namespace cv;

int main(int, char**)
VideoCapture cap(0); // open the default camera
if (!cap.isOpened()) // check if we succeeded
return -1;

Mat edges;
namedWindow("edges", 1);
for (;;)
Mat frame;
cap >> frame; // get a new frame from camera
cvtColor(frame, edges, CV_BGR2GRAY);
GaussianBlur(edges, edges, Size(7, 7), 1.5, 1.5);
Canny(edges, edges, 0, 30, 3);
imshow("edges", edges);
if (waitKey(30) >= 0) break;
// the camera will be deinitialized automatically in VideoCapture destructor
return 0;

I am currently using a Windows 7 x64 BootCamp on a Macbook Pro. I'm running this code with Visual Studios 2013 and OpenCV 2.4.9.

This is how I've set up my Config Properties:

VC++ Directories: Include Directories: H:\opencv\build\include;$(IncludePath)

Linker:General:Additional Library Directories: H:\opencv\build\x64\vc12\lib;%(AdditionalLibraryDirectories)
Linker:Input:Additional Dependencies: opencv_calib3d249.lib;opencv_contrib249.lib;opencv_core249.lib;opencv_features2d249.lib;opencv_flann249.lib;opencv_gpu249.lib;opencv_highgui249.lib;opencv_imgproc249.lib;opencv_legacy249.lib;opencv_ml249.lib;opencv_nonfree249.lib;opencv_objdetect249.lib;opencv_ocl249.lib;opencv_photo249.lib;opencv_stitching249.lib;opencv_superres249.lib;opencv_ts249.lib;opencv_video249.lib;opencv_videostab249.lib;%(AdditionalDependencies)

When I click on Local Windows Debugger in Release x64 mode I get the following error from Visual Studios:

First-chance exception at 0x000007FEFD21B3DD in Project3.exe:
Microsoft C++ exception: cv::Exception at memory location

If there is a handler for this exception, the program may be safely

When I click Break instead (scared to press Continue), a window named Edges does pop up and the camera does turn on since the green light turns on. But I also get the following error in the command window:

OpenCV Error: Assertion failed (scn == 3 || scn == 4) in cv::
cvtColor, file ........\opencv\modules\imgproc\src\color.cpp, line

I'm pretty new to C++ and Visual Studios, any help would be appreciated. Thanks in advance!


From the conversation in the comments to the question, we saw that VideoCapture gives frame in grayscale. So the call to cvtColor caused the crash.

Mat frame;
cap >> frame; // frame is already CV_8UC1
//cvtColor(frame, edges, CV_BGR2GRAY); // so don't to convert here, or crash!
edges = frame.clone();