user3544765 user3544765 - 2 months ago 19
Java Question

log4j2 double dollar $$ sign meaning in configuration

I am reading the configuration part of Log4j2.
http://logging.apache.org/log4j/2.x/manual/configuration.html

<Appenders>
<Console name="STDOUT">
<PatternLayout pattern="%m%n"/>
</Console>
<List name="List">
<ThresholdFilter level="debug"/>
</List>
<Routing name="Routing">
<Routes pattern="$${sd:type}">
<Route>
<RollingFile name="Rolling-${sd:type}" fileName="${filename}"
filePattern="target/rolling1/test1-${sd:type}.%i.log.gz">
<PatternLayout>
<pattern>%d %p %c{1.} [%t] %m%n</pattern>
</PatternLayout>
<SizeBasedTriggeringPolicy size="500" />
</RollingFile>
</Route>
<Route ref="STDOUT" key="Audit"/>
<Route ref="List" key="Service"/>
</Routes>
</Routing>
</Appenders>




What is the meaning of double $$ sign? e.g. $${sd:type}?

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Answer

It seems that $ is used as an escape character. As stated in Log4J documentation, Log4j configuration file parser uses Apache Commons Lang's StrSubstitutor, and this documentation for StrSubstitutor says:

The other possibility is to use the escape character, by default '$'. If this character is placed before a variable reference, this reference is ignored and won't be replaced. For example:

The variable $${${name}} must be used.

I guess they want to set the value to "${sd:type}" so that this variable can be evaluated later at run-time. There is a good example/explanation here: http://logging.apache.org/log4j/2.x/manual/lookups.html#ContextMapLookup

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