antonioag antonioag - 3 days ago 6
JSON Question

Find a value in JSON using Python

I’ve previously succeeded in parsing data from a JSON file, but now I’m facing a problem with the function I want to achieve. I have a list of names, identification numbers and birthdate in a JSON. What I want to get in Python is to be able to let a user input a name and retrieve his identification number and the birthdate (if present).

This is my JSON example file:

[
{
"id_number": "SA4784",
"name": "Mark",
"birthdate": null
},
{
"id_number": "V410Z8",
"name": "Vincent",
"birthdate": "15/02/1989"
},
{
"id_number": "CZ1094",
"name": "Paul",
"birthdate": "27/09/1994"
}
]


To be clear, I want to input "V410Z8" and get his name and his birthdate.

I tried to write some code in Python but I only succeed in searching for “id_number” and not for what is inside “id_number” for example "V410Z8".

#!/usr/bin/python
# -*- coding: utf-8 -*-

import json

database = "example.json"
data = json.loads(open(database).read())

id_number = data[0]["id_number"]
print id_number


Thank you for your support, guys :)

Answer

You have to iterate over the list of dictionaries and search for the one with the given id_number. Once you find it you can print the rest of its data and break, assuming id_number is unique.

data = [
 {
   "id_number": "SA4784",
   "name": "Mark",
   "birthdate": None
 },
 {
   "id_number": "V410Z8",
   "name": "Vincent",
   "birthdate": "15/02/1989"
 },
 {
   "id_number": "CZ1094",
   "name": "Paul",
   "birthdate": "27/09/1994"
 }
]

for i in data:
    if i['id_number'] == 'V410Z8':
        print(i['birthdate'])
        print(i['name'])
        break

If you have control over the data structure, a more efficient way would be to use the id_number as a key (again, assuming id_number is unique):

data =  { "SA4784" : {"name": "Mark", "birthdate": None},
          "V410Z8" : { "name": "Vincent", "birthdate": "15/02/1989"},
          "CZ1094" : {"name": "Paul", "birthdate": "27/09/1994"}
        }

Then all you need to do is try to access it directly:

try:
    print(data["V410Z8"]["name"])
except KeyError:
    print("ID doesn't exist")
>> "Vincent"
Comments