Aquarius TheGirl Aquarius TheGirl - 14 days ago 5
R Question

Error: gdal-config not found

Please point out the point that I am missing:

openSUSE 11.3




anisha@linux-y3pi:~/Desktop/R> sudo R CMD INSTALL rgdal_0.7-12.tar.gz
root's password:
* installing to library ‘/usr/lib64/R/library’
* installing *source* package ‘rgdal’ ...
** package ‘rgdal’ successfully unpacked and MD5 sums checked
configure: gdal-config: gdal-config
checking gdal-config usability... ./configure: line 1353: gdal-config: command not found
no
Error: gdal-config not found
The gdal-config script distributed with GDAL could not be found.
If you have not installed the GDAL libraries, you can
download the source from http://www.gdal.org/
If you have installed the GDAL libraries, then make sure that
gdal-config is in your path. Try typing gdal-config at a
shell prompt and see if it runs. If not, use:
--configure-args='--with-gdal-config=/usr/local/bin/gdal-config'
with appropriate values for your installation.

ERROR: configuration failed for package ‘rgdal’
* removing ‘/usr/lib64/R/library/rgdal’





anisha@linux-y3pi:~/Desktop/R> whereis gdal-config
gdal-config: /usr/local/bin/gdal-config

anisha@linux-y3pi:~/Desktop/R> gdal-config
Usage: gdal-config [OPTIONS]
Options:
[--prefix[=DIR]]
[--libs]
[--dep-libs]
[--cflags]
[--datadir]
[--version]
[--ogr-enabled]
[--formats]
anisha@linux-y3pi:~/Desktop/R>





> sessionInfo()
R version 2.15.1 (2012-06-22)
Platform: x86_64-unknown-linux-gnu (64-bit)

locale:
[1] LC_CTYPE=en_US.UTF-8 LC_NUMERIC=C
[3] LC_TIME=en_US.UTF-8 LC_COLLATE=en_US.UTF-8
[5] LC_MONETARY=en_US.UTF-8 LC_MESSAGES=en_US.UTF-8
[7] LC_PAPER=C LC_NAME=C
[9] LC_ADDRESS=C LC_TELEPHONE=C
[11] LC_MEASUREMENT=en_US.UTF-8 LC_IDENTIFICATION=C

attached base packages:
[1] stats graphics grDevices utils datasets methods base
>


Edit:




anisha@linux-y3pi:~/Desktop/R> gdal-config --version
1.9.0

anisha@linux-y3pi:~/Desktop/R> proj
Rel. 4.8.0, 6 March 2012
usage: proj [ -beEfiIlormsStTvVwW [args] ] [ +opts[=arg] ] [ files ]





linux-y3pi:~ # $PATH
bash: /home/anisha/qtsdk-2010.05/qt/bin/:/home/anisha/qtsdk-2010.05/bin:/home/anisha/qtsdk-2010.05/qt/bin:/home/anisha/qtsdk-2010.05/qt/bin/:/home/anisha/qtsdk-2010.05/bin:/usr/lib64/mpi/gcc/openmpi/bin:/home/anisha/bin:/usr/local/bin:/usr/bin:/sbin:/usr/sbin:/bin:/usr/bin/X11:/usr/X11R6/bin:/usr/games: No such file or directory

Answer

You need the -dev package with headers and shared library links for development besides the normal package for deployment. Two different use cases as far as the distro is concerned.

On my distribution:

edd@max:/tmp$ dpkg -l | grep gdal | cut -c-72
ii  libgdal1-1.7.0                                1.7.3-6ubuntu3        
ii  libgdal1-dev                                  1.7.3-6ubuntu3        
edd@max:/tmp$ 

and R CMD INSTALL rgdal_0.7-8.tar.gz works just fine as you would expect from a CRAN package given all the build-time checks at CRAN.

Update late 2016: As @JoshO'Brien points out in the comment

Minor update: Here in 2016, running Ubuntu 14.04.2, libgdal1h seems to have replaced libgdal1(though libgdal1-dev is still needed). At least I get an error to that effect when I attempted to apt-get install libgdal1

For Ubuntu 16.04 the corresponding line would be
sudo apt-get install libgdal1i

Such renaming of upstream libraries is common; something such as apt-cache search libgdal can help locate the current package names. The important key though is that the "abstract" development package libgdal-dev is all that is needed to build as it pulls the "concrete" current run-time package (here: libgdal1i) in via a dependency.