fenix fenix - 3 months ago 34
Javascript Question

How to simulating the aggregate functions avg, sum, max, min, and count on PouchDB?

Does anyone know how to create aggregate functions, for example avg, sum, max and min on PouchDB database. I created a simple application to test the PouchDB. I'm still not figured out how to run these commands. Thanks in advance.

For example. How do you get the highest, lowest or average for the "number" field?


My main Ionic 2 component


import {Component} from '@angular/core';
import {Platform, ionicBootstrap} from 'ionic-angular';
import {StatusBar} from 'ionic-native';
import {HomePage} from './pages/home/home';
declare var require: any;
var pouch = require('pouchdb');
var pouchFind = require('pouchdb-find');
@Component({
template: '<ion-nav [root]="rootPage"></ion-nav>'
})
export class MyApp {
rootPage: any = HomePage;
db: any;
value: any;
constructor(platform: Platform) {
platform.ready().then(() => {
StatusBar.styleDefault();
});
pouch.plugin(pouchFind);
this.db = new pouch('friendsdb');
let docs = [
{
'_id': '1',
'number': 10,
'values': '1, 2, 3',
'loto': 'fooloto'
},
{
'_id': '2',
'number': 12,
'values': '4, 7, 9',
'loto': 'barloto'
},
{
'_id': '3',
'number': 13,
'values': '9, 4, 5',
'loto': 'fooloto'
}
];
this.db.bulkDocs(docs).then(function (result) {
console.log(result);
}).catch(function (err) {
console.log(err);
});
}
}
ionicBootstrap(MyApp);

Answer

You can use the map/reduce functions of the db.query() method from PouchDB to get the average, sum, largest or any other kind of aggregation of the docs.

I have created a demo JSBin fiddle with a running example. I added the explanation of the functions directly into the code (below) as comments, as I thought it'd be simpler.

var db = new PouchDB('friendsdb');
var docs = [
      {'_id': '1', 'number': 10, 'values': '1, 2, 3', 'loto': 'fooloto'},
      {'_id': '2', 'number': 12, 'values': '4, 7, 9', 'loto': 'barloto'},
      {'_id': '3', 'number': 13, 'values': '9, 4, 5', 'loto': 'fooloto'}
];

db.bulkDocs(docs).then(function(result) {
  querySum();
  queryLargest();
  querySmallest();
  queryAverage();
}).catch(function(err) {
  console.log(err);
});

function querySum() {
  function map(doc) {
    // the function emit(key, value) takes two arguments
    // the key (first) arguments will be sent as an array to the reduce() function as KEYS
    // the value (second) arguments will be sent as an array to the reduce() function as VALUES
    emit(doc._id, doc.number);
  }
  function reduce(keys, values, rereduce) {
    // keys:
    //   here the keys arg will be an array containing everything that was emitted as key in the map function...
    //   ...plus the ID of each doc (that is included automatically by PouchDB/CouchDB).
    //   So each element of the keys array will be an array of [keySentToTheEmitFunction, _idOfTheDoc]
    //
    // values
    //   will be an array of the values emitted as value
    console.info('keys ', JSON.stringify(keys));
    console.info('values ', JSON.stringify(values));
    // check for more info: http://couchdb.readthedocs.io/en/latest/couchapp/views/intro.html


    // So, since we want the sum, we can just sum all items of the values array
    // (there are several ways to sum an array, I'm just using vanilla for to keep it simple)
    var i = 0, totalSum = 0;
    for(; i < values.length; i++){
        totalSum += values[i];
    }
    return totalSum;
  }
  db.query({map: map, reduce: reduce}, function(err, response) {
    console.log('sum is ' + response.rows[0].value);
  });
}

function queryLargest() {
  function map(doc) {
    emit(doc._id, doc.number);
  }
  function reduce(keys, values, rereduce) {
    // everything same as before (see querySum() above)
    // so, this time we want the larger element of the values array

    // http://stackoverflow.com/a/1379560/1850609
    return Math.max.apply(Math, values);
  }
  db.query({map: map, reduce: reduce}, function(err, response) {
    console.log('largest is ' + response.rows[0].value);
  });
}

function querySmallest() {
  function map(doc) {
    emit(doc._id, doc.number);
  }
  function reduce(keys, values, rereduce) {
    // all the same... now the looking for the min
    return Math.min.apply(Math, values);
  }
  db.query({map: map, reduce: reduce}, function(err, response) {
    console.log('smallest is ' + response.rows[0].value);
  });
}

function queryAverage() {
  function map(doc) {
    emit(doc._id, doc.number);
  }
  function reduce(keys, values, rereduce) {
    // now simply calculating the average
    var i = 0, totalSum = 0;
    for(; i < values.length; i++){
        totalSum += values[i];
    }
    return totalSum/values.length;
  }
  db.query({map: map, reduce: reduce}, function(err, response) {
    console.log('average is ' + response.rows[0].value);
  });
}

Note: This is just one way to do it. There are several other possibilities (not emitting IDs as keys, using groups and different reduce functions, using built-in reduce functions, such as _sum, ...), I just thought this was the simpler alternative generally speaking.