user2236361 user2236361 - 4 months ago 14
SQL Question

I want to use CASE statement to update some records in sql server 2005

UPDATE dbo.TestStudents
SET LASTNAME =
( CASE
WHEN (LASTNAME = 'AAA') THEN 'BBB'
WHEN (LASTNAME = 'CCC') THEN 'DDD'
WHEN (LASTNAME = 'EEE') THEN 'FFF'
ELSE (LASTNAME)
END )


The statement work for the purpose but the else condition scan through every record in the table. Is there any way I can leave the unaffected rows as they are?

Answer

Add a WHERE clause

UPDATE dbo.TestStudents  
SET     LASTNAME =  CASE  
                        WHEN LASTNAME = 'AAA' THEN 'BBB' 
                        WHEN LASTNAME = 'CCC' THEN 'DDD' 
                        WHEN LASTNAME = 'EEE' THEN 'FFF' 
                        ELSE LASTNAME
                    END 
WHERE   LASTNAME IN ('AAA', 'CCC', 'EEE')