Pixell Pixell - 5 months ago 55
CSS Question

padding within in a div

I simply can't figure this out: I have a div that is centered on screen with a width of 60%. Inside this div I have 3 more divs that float left with the width of 33% and have a gray bg color. The divs are filled with text and one image per div. Each div should now take 1/3 space inside the "maindiv". This works fine but as soon as I give my 3 "contentdivs" a padding so the text gets seperated a bit the third div wanders below the others. I also want a margin around my 3 divs so there is a gap between all the divs. But this only works if I give the divs a width of like 31%. As soon as I shrink my browser though, the third one pops up below the others again.

How it looks now:
Current state

How it looks with a width of 33.33%
enter image description here

How can fix this? I mean I set the divs to a relative width by setting the size in %. So the divs should just shrink as soon as I shrink my browser window. I tried to surround all the divs by other divs and messed around with margins and paddings but it just won't work.

Answer Source

Most likely it’s box model’s fault. Paddings, margins and borders can be added together in different ways. Add box-sizing:border-box to the container and its elements. Most certainly this brings about what you intended to do, and width:33.3333% wil work out as expected.

Adding margin still breaks the item? There’s another great thing called calc(). Assumed you have a margin of 8px, that’s just a few pixels too much. With calc(), you can subtract the additional margin like this:

.item{ width:calc(33.3333vw - 8px); }

Note that there must be whitespace around the minus. Try it and include your margin.

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