Alex Alex - 1 month ago 30
C++ Question

How to build Google's protobuf in Windows using MinGW?

I'm using Codeblocks as my IDE with MingGW.
I'm trying to use google protocol buffers,
but I'm having trouble building the protobuf.

The readme file for protobuf says:


If you are using Cygwin or MinGW,
follow the Unix installation instructions, above.


The Unix instructions says:


To build and install the C++ Protocol Buffer runtime and the Protocol
Buffer compiler (protoc) execute the following:

$ ./configure
$ make
$ make check
$ make install



I don't know how to perform these in Windows
because "configure" is a Unix script and
I don't know how to execute it, or the rest of the commands.

Can someone explain in more detail how
I can build protobuf using MinGW on Windows?

Answer

Here's what worked for me:

  1. You need to install MSYS with mingw. This is a minimal unix-like shell environment that lets you configure/make most unix packages. Read the mingw docs on how to install that (either with mingw-get or the GUI installer).

  2. Once you have installed MSYS, you should have a shortcut in your start menu, named "MinGW Shell". That opens a console with a bash.

  3. Extract the source tarball to your MSYS home directory. I have mingw installed in "D:\prog", so the directory was "D:\prog\MinGW\msys\1.0\home\<username>". You can tell your MSYS username from the shell prompt. When done, you should have a directory "D:\prog\MinGW\msys\1.0\home\<username>\protobuf-2.4.1".

  4. At the shell prompt, change to the protobuf directory:

    cd protobuf-2.4.1

  5. Run the configure script (note the backquotes):

    ./configure --prefix=`cd /mingw; pwd -W`

    The --prefix paramater makes sure protobuf is installed in the mingw directory tree instead of the MSYS directories, so you can build outside the MSYS shell (e.g. with CodeBlocks...)

  6. Run make:

    make

  7. Install:

    make install

  8. That's it. You should now be able to compile your project with protobuf.
    You should be able to:

    • call protoc from your project/makefiles
    • #include <google/protobuf/message.h> etc.
    • link with -lprotobuf or -lprotobuf-lite

HTH
Peter

Edit: Bringing this a bit more up to date. I tried setting up a new PC with current versions of MinGW and protobuf 2.5.0, and these are the problems I had:

  1. There is no "MinGW Shell" shortcut in the start menu.
    For some reason current MinGW installations fail to install that.
    But there is a msys.bat in <Mingw home>\msys\1.0 which brings up a console with a bash. Create a shortcut to that batch file somewhere.

  2. gcc does not work from the MSYS shell.
    I had to run a post-installation batch file manually and answer the questions there. This sets up fstab entries that mount the mingw directories in the MSYS environment.
    You need to run <Mingw home>\msys\1.0\postinstall\pi.bat

  3. My Avira antivirus interfered with the protobuf compilation.
    It complained about the generated protoc.exe being a "TR/Crypt.XPACK.Gen" trojan and blocked acces to that file, resulting in a corrupted build.
    I got error messages saying something like protoc:./.libs/lt-protoc.c:233: FATAL: couldn't find protoc. when trying to start protoc.
    I had to disable the Avira realtime scanner and make clean && make && make install again

Edit #2:

This post has aged quite a bit, and mingw does not equal mingw anymore. In this day and age, I would rather recommend MSYS2 which comes with a port of ArchLinux's pacman package manager, a recent, better-working (c++11 std::thread support!) mingw fork for both 32 and 64 bit, and a protobuf package that you just need to install and be good.

Go here to download!

Hope this helps!
Peter