stef stef -4 years ago 131
C Question

How to prevent "error: 'symbol' undeclared here" despite EXPORT_SYMBOL in a Linux kernel module?

I'm embedding some driver into a Linux kernel when I get this error (I'm adding the device in the board file and registering it):

error: 'kxtf9_get_slave_descr' undeclared here (not in a function)

I located the function above in a driver file

struct ext_slave_descr *kxtf9_get_slave_descr(void)
return &kxtf9_descr;

Shouldn't it made "visible" by EXPORT_SYMBOL?
The C file containing the code above has no header file (I didn't write it, I just found it here and I'm implementing. They say it's tested so I assume an header is not needed?

The rest of the code compiles perfectly (so it "sees" the code in the folder), and the file containing the code above compiles as well!

Answer Source

EXPORT_SYMBOL exports the symbol for dynamic linking. What you have is not a linking error but a compilation error due to a missing function declaration. You have to either write a header file for the C file and include that header file, or you declare the function the C file you're compiling.

Option 1:


#ifndef KXTF9_H
#define KXTF9_H

struct ext_slave_descr *kxtf9_get_slave_descr(void);



#include "kxtf9.h"
/* your code where you use the function ... */

Option 2:


struct ext_slave_descr *kxtf9_get_slave_descr(void);
/* your code where you use the function ... */

Also note that the EXPORT_SYMBOL in the file kxtf9.c has #ifdef __KERNEL__ around it, so you have to have set up your build environment (Makefile) correctly - otherwise you'll get a link error.

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