aryaxt aryaxt - 2 months ago 18
ASP.NET (C#) Question

Asp.Net mvc, posting json?

My iphone client posts the following json to my mvc service.
When posting data from html form it automatically converts form data to UserModel and passes the object to my Create method, but when I send the JSON string in the body of my request from iphone it comes back as null.

What would be the cleanest solution to do the conversion from JSON to Object.

I rather not create multiple methods for different clients, so I'm trying to get the same method to work on iphone, and mvc client.

Body of my request:

{
"firstName" : "Some Name",
"lastName" : "Some Last Name",
"age" : "age"
}


My Model and Action Result

public class UserModel
{
public int Id { get; set; }
public string FirstName { get; set; }
public string LastName { get; set; }
public int Age { get; set; }
}

[HttpPost]
public Create ActionResult(UserModel user)
{
// user is null
userStorage.create(user);
return SuccessResultForModel(user);
}

Answer

You need to set the HTTP Header, accept, to 'application/json' so that MVC know that you as passing JSON and does the work to interpret it.

accept: application/json

see more info here: http://www.w3.org/Protocols/rfc2616/rfc2616-sec14.html

UPDATE: Working sample code using MVC3 and jQuery

Controller Code

namespace MvcApplication1.Controllers
{
    public class HomeController : Controller
    {
        public ActionResult Index()
        {
            return View();
        }

        [HttpPost]
        public JsonResult PostUser(UserModel data)
        {
            // test here!
            Debug.Assert(data != null);
            return Json(data);
        }
    }

    public class UserModel
    {
        public int Id { get; set; }
        public string FirstName { get; set; }
        public string LastName { get; set; }
        public int Age { get; set; }
    }
}

View Code

@{ ViewBag.Title = "Index"; }
<script src="../../Scripts/jquery-1.9.1.min.js"></script>
<script type="text/javascript">
    var sample = {};
    sample.postData = function () {
        $.ajax({
            type: "POST", url: "@Url.Action("PostUser")",
            success: function (data) { alert('data: ' + data); },
            data: { "firstName": "Some Name", "lastName": "Some Last Name", "age": "30" },
            accept: 'application/json'
        });
    };
    $(document).ready(function () {
        sample.postData();
    });
</script>

<h2>Index</h2>
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