Miljan - 1 month ago 11

Java Question

In a well know recursion

`isPalindrome`

`public static boolean isPalindrome(String s){`

if(s.length() == 0 || s.length() == 1)

return true;

if(s.charAt(0) == s.charAt(s.length()-1))

return isPalindrome(s.substring(1, s.length()-1));

return false;

}

}

there is one line that I dont quite understand. If, for example we pass the string

`anna`

`isPalindrome method`

`return isPalindrome(s.substring(1, s.length()-1));`

do to the string when

`s`

`nn`

In my understanding number 1 (index

`1`

`n`

`s.length()-1`

`2-1 = 1`

`0`

Does it return an empty string or something else ?

Answer

When the value of `s`

is `nn`

, as we step through the statements, this will happen:

`s.length()`

is 2, so the first`if`

condition doesn't match`s.charAt(0)`

is`n`

, and`s.charAt(1)`

is`n`

, so the second`if`

matches- Return the result of
`isPalindrome`

with parameter`s.substring(1, 1)`

, which is the text range from position 1 until before the position 1, in other words, an empty string - In the recursive call with empty string as input,
`isPalindrome`

will match the first condition on length, and`return true`

For the record, this is a very inefficient way to check a palindrome in Java,
because `substring`

creates new strings, which is slow.
A more efficient recursive solution is possible by adding start and end index parameters, and moving them inward, until their difference becomes 0 or 1.