Locane Locane - 1 year ago 55
Python Question

Argparse - differentiate between no options, option invoked, and option invoked with argument?

As an example:

import argparse

parser = argparse.ArgumentParser()
parser.add_argument("--show", nargs='?', action="store")
args = parser.parse_args()

How do I differentiate between the following usages:

python thing.py

python thing.py --show

python thing.py --show all

Essentially, I want to do different things if:

  • The user specifies no options

  • The user specifies the "--show" option by itself

  • The user specifies "--show all" - with a string / argument.

in add_argument doesn't work because it is always there when tested - I have no way to know if the user actually specified the option "--show" or not.

Answer Source

Use the const kwarg. If the option is not specified, default will be used. If the option is provided on its own, const will be used. If the option is provided with a value, the value will be used.

Copying from the documentation:

>>> parser = argparse.ArgumentParser()
>>> parser.add_argument('--foo', nargs='?', const='c', default='d')
>>> parser.add_argument('bar', nargs='?', default='d')
>>> parser.parse_args(['XX', '--foo', 'YY'])
Namespace(bar='XX', foo='YY')
>>> parser.parse_args(['XX', '--foo'])
Namespace(bar='XX', foo='c')
>>> parser.parse_args([])
Namespace(bar='d', foo='d')
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