AugBar - 2 months ago 21

Python Question

What would be the most pythonic way of achieving the transformation from the following input:

`input = [('a', 1), ('a', 10), ('b', 244), ('c', 31) , ('c',45)]`

to the desired output:

`output = [[('a',1),('a',10)],[('c',31),('c',45)]]`

where I have grouped in lists the tuples which have the same first element.

Feeling that Python has a strong potential (I'm new with it) in writing complicated things on one line, I have decided to use comprehensive lists. My initial try is something like:

`output = [x for x in input if [k[0] for f in input].count(x[0])>1]`

giving me a nice list of all my "pseudo" duplicates :

`output = [('a',1),('a',10),('c',31),('c',45)]`

which I further process to obtain my result.

My question is: is there a way to achieve this result in one line using comprehensive lists instead of two (ugly) steps?

Answer

Use `groupby`

from `itertools`

and list comprehension. This will give you a simple one liner:

```
from itertools import groupby
filter(lambda x: len(x)>1, [list(g) for i,g in groupby(input, key=lambda x: x[0])])
[[('a', 1), ('a', 10)], [('c', 31), ('c', 45)]]
```