MartinHN MartinHN - 1 month ago 10
C# Question

Model binding with nested child models and PartialViews in ASP.NET MVC

I have the following types and classes:

namespace MVC.Models

public class Page
{
public EditableContent Content {get; set; }
}

public class EditableContent
{
public TemplateSection SidebarLeft {get; set; }
public TemplateSection SidebarRight {get; set; }
}


I want to edit the
Page
instance in my
Edit.aspx
View. Because
EditableContent
is also attached to other models, I have a
PartialView
called
ContentEditor.ascx
that is strongly typed and takes an instance of
EditableContent
and renders it.

The rendering part all works fine, but when I post - everything inside my
ContentEditor
is not binded - which means that
Page.Content
is
null
.

On the PartialView, I use strongly typed Html Helpers to do this:

<%= Html.HiddenFor(m => m.TemplateId) %>


But because the input elements on the form that are rendered by
ContentEditor.ascx
does not get the
Content
prefix to its
id
attribute - the values are not binded to
Page
.

I tried using loosely typed helpers to overcome this:

<%= Html.Hidden("Content.TemplateId", Model.TemplateId) %>


And when I'm dealing with a property that is a
List<T>
of something it gets very ugly. I then have to render collection indexes manually.

Should I put both Page and EditableContent as parameters to the controller action?:

public ActionResult Edit(Page page, EditableContent content) { ... }


What am I missing?

Answer Source

I would suggest you to use the EditorFor helper

Model:

public class EditableContent
{
    public string SidebarLeft { get; set; }
    public string SidebarRight { get; set; }
}

public class Page
{
    public EditableContent Content { get; set; }
}

Views/Home/Index.aspx:

<%@ Page Language="C#" MasterPageFile="~/Views/Shared/Site.Master" Inherits="System.Web.Mvc.ViewPage<ToDD.Models.Page>" %>

<asp:Content ID="Content1" ContentPlaceHolderID="TitleContent" runat="server">
    Home Page
</asp:Content>

<asp:Content ID="Content2" ContentPlaceHolderID="MainContent" runat="server">
<% using (Html.BeginForm()) { %>
    <%-- 
    This is the important part: It will look for 
    Views/Shared/EditorTemplates/EditableContent.ascx
    and render it. You could also specify a prefix
    --%>
    <%= Html.EditorFor(page => page.Content, "Content") %>
    <input type="submit" value="create" />
<% } %>
</asp:Content>

Views/Shared/EditorTemplates/EditableContent.ascx:

<%@ Control Language="C#" Inherits="System.Web.Mvc.ViewUserControl<ToDD.Models.EditableContent>" %>

<%= Html.TextBoxFor(m => m.SidebarLeft) %>
<br/>
<%= Html.TextBoxFor(m => m.SidebarRight) %>

And finally Controller/HomeController:

public class HomeController : Controller
{
    public ActionResult Edit()
    {
        var page = new Page
        {
            Content = new EditableContent
            {
                SidebarLeft = "left",
                SidebarRight = "right"
            }
        };
        return View(page);
    }

    [HttpPost]
    public ActionResult Edit(Page page)
    {
        return View(page);
    }
}