WillyCornbread WillyCornbread - 22 days ago 6
ActionScript Question

How can I calculate shades of a given hex color in actionscript 3?

I need a way to calculate lighter hex color(s) based on a provided one. I realize I could use a color transform, but I need the actual value in order to generate a gradient.

Answer

Here's some stuff pulled out of my Color utils. Sounds like makeGradient might be useful to you.

    /**
     * Return a gradient given a color.
     *
     * @param color      Base color of the gradient.
     * @param intensity  Amount to shift secondary color.
     * @return An array with a length of two colors.
     */
    public static function makeGradient(color:uint, intensity:int = 20):Array
    {
        var c:Object = hexToRGB(color);
        for (var key:String in c)
        {
            c[key] += intensity;
            c[key] = Math.min(c[key], 255); // -- make sure below 255
            c[key] = Math.max(c[key], 0);   // -- make sure above 0
        }
        return [color, RGBToHex(c)];
    }

    /**
     * Convert a uint (0x000000) to a color object.
     *
     * @param hex  Color.
     * @return Converted object {r:, g:, b:}
     */
    public static function hexToRGB(hex:uint):Object
    {
        var c:Object = {};

        c.a = hex >> 24 & 0xFF;
        c.r = hex >> 16 & 0xFF;
        c.g = hex >> 8 & 0xFF;
        c.b = hex & 0xFF;

        return c;
    }

    /**
     * Convert a color object to uint octal (0x000000).
     *
     * @param c  Color object {r:, g:, b:}.
     * @return Converted color uint (0x000000).
     */
    public static function RGBToHex(c:Object):uint
    {
        var ct:ColorTransform = new ColorTransform(0, 0, 0, 0, c.r, c.g, c.b, 100);
        return ct.color as uint
    }

Also, can't recall where I got this from but these static function will generate a harmony list given a color:

    /**
     * Convert RGB bits to a hexcode
     *
     * @param r  Red bits
     * @param g  Green bits
     * @param b  Blue bits
     * @return A color as a uint
     */
    public static function convertToHex(r:uint, g:uint, b:uint):uint
    {
        var colorHexString:uint = (r << 16) | (g << 8) | b;
        return colorHexString;
    }

    /**
     * Get a series of complements of a given color.
     *
     * @param color   Color to get harmonies for
     * @param weight  Threshold to apply to color harmonies, 0 - 255
     */
    public static function getHarmonies(color:uint, weight:Number):Array
    {
        var red:uint = color >> 16;
        var green:uint = (color ^ (red << 16)) >> 8;
        var blue:uint = (color ^ (red << 16)) ^ (green << 8);

        var colorHarmonyArray:Array = new Array();
        //weight = red+green+blue/3;

        colorHarmonyArray.push(convertToHex(red, green, weight));
        colorHarmonyArray.push(convertToHex(red, weight, blue));
        colorHarmonyArray.push(convertToHex(weight, green, blue));
        colorHarmonyArray.push(convertToHex(red, weight, weight));
        colorHarmonyArray.push(convertToHex(weight, green, weight));
        colorHarmonyArray.push(convertToHex(weight, weight, blue));

        return colorHarmonyArray;
    }
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