ihm ihm - 4 months ago 91
R Question

invalid factor level, NA generated

I don't understand why I got this error message.

> fixed <- data.frame("Type" = character(3), "Amount" = numeric(3))
> fixed[1, ] <- c("lunch", 100)
Warning message:
In `[<-.factor`(`*tmp*`, iseq, value = "lunch") :
invalid factor level, NA generated
> fixed
Type Amount
1 <NA> 100
2 0
3 0

Answer

The error message is because your "Type" variable was made a factor and "lunch" was not a defined level. Use the stringsAsFactors=FALSE flag when making your data frame to force "Type" to be a character.

> fixed <- data.frame("Type" = character(3), "Amount" = numeric(3))
> str(fixed)
'data.frame':   3 obs. of  2 variables:
 $ Type  : Factor w/ 1 level "": NA 1 1
 $ Amount: chr  "100" "0" "0"
> 
> fixed <- data.frame("Type" = character(3), "Amount" = numeric(3),stringsAsFactors=FALSE)
> fixed[1, ] <- c("lunch", 100)
> str(fixed)
'data.frame':   3 obs. of  2 variables:
 $ Type  : chr  "lunch" "" ""
 $ Amount: chr  "100" "0" "0"
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