Craig Bruce Craig Bruce - 1 year ago 76
Javascript Question

How to create an auto-complete combobox?

Does any one know the best way to create an autocomplete combobox with Knockout JS templates?

I have the following template:

<script type="text/html" id="row-template">
<select class="list" data-bind="options: SomeViewModelArray,
value: SelectedItem">

Sometimes this list is long and I'd like to have Knockout play nicely with perhaps jQuery autocomplete or some straight JavaScript code, but have had little success.

In addition, jQuery.Autocomplete requires an input field. Any ideas?

Answer Source

Here is a jQuery UI Autocomplete binding that I wrote. It is intended to mirror the options, optionsText, optionsValue, value binding paradigm used with select elements with a couple of additions (you can query for options via AJAX and you can differentiate what is displayed in the input box vs. what is displayed in the selection box that pops up.

You do not need to provide all of the options. It will choose defaults for you.

Here is a sample without the AJAX functionality:

Here is the same sample with a button that makes it behave more like a combo box:

Here is a sample with the options retrieved via AJAX:

//jqAuto -- main binding (should contain additional options to pass to autocomplete)
//jqAutoSource -- the array to populate with choices (needs to be an observableArray)
//jqAutoQuery -- function to return choices (if you need to return via AJAX)
//jqAutoValue -- where to write the selected value
//jqAutoSourceLabel -- the property that should be displayed in the possible choices
//jqAutoSourceInputValue -- the property that should be displayed in the input box
//jqAutoSourceValue -- the property to use for the value
ko.bindingHandlers.jqAuto = {
    init: function(element, valueAccessor, allBindingsAccessor, viewModel) {
        var options = valueAccessor() || {},
            allBindings = allBindingsAccessor(),
            unwrap = ko.utils.unwrapObservable,
            modelValue = allBindings.jqAutoValue,
            source = allBindings.jqAutoSource,
            query = allBindings.jqAutoQuery,
            valueProp = allBindings.jqAutoSourceValue,
            inputValueProp = allBindings.jqAutoSourceInputValue || valueProp,
            labelProp = allBindings.jqAutoSourceLabel || inputValueProp;

        //function that is shared by both select and change event handlers
        function writeValueToModel(valueToWrite) {
            if (ko.isWriteableObservable(modelValue)) {
               modelValue(valueToWrite );  
            } else {  //write to non-observable
               if (allBindings['_ko_property_writers'] && allBindings['_ko_property_writers']['jqAutoValue'])
                        allBindings['_ko_property_writers']['jqAutoValue'](valueToWrite );    

        //on a selection write the proper value to the model = function(event, ui) {
            writeValueToModel(ui.item ? ui.item.actualValue : null);

        //on a change, make sure that it is a valid value or clear out the model value
        options.change = function(event, ui) {
            var currentValue = $(element).val();
            var matchingItem =  ko.utils.arrayFirst(unwrap(source), function(item) {
               return unwrap(item[inputValueProp]) === currentValue;  

            if (!matchingItem) {

        //hold the autocomplete current response
        var currentResponse = null;

        //handle the choices being updated in a DO, to decouple value updates from source (options) updates
        var mappedSource = ko.dependentObservable({
            read: function() {
                    mapped = ko.utils.arrayMap(unwrap(source), function(item) {
                        var result = {};
                        result.label = labelProp ? unwrap(item[labelProp]) : unwrap(item).toString();  //show in pop-up choices
                        result.value = inputValueProp ? unwrap(item[inputValueProp]) : unwrap(item).toString();  //show in input box
                        result.actualValue = valueProp ? unwrap(item[valueProp]) : item;  //store in model
                        return result;
                return mapped;                
            write: function(newValue) {
                source(newValue);  //update the source observableArray, so our mapped value (above) is correct
                if (currentResponse) {

        if (query) {
            options.source = function(request, response) {  
                currentResponse = response;
      , request.term, mappedSource);
        } else {
            //whenever the items that make up the source are updated, make sure that autocomplete knows it
            mappedSource.subscribe(function(newValue) {
               $(element).autocomplete("option", "source", newValue); 

            options.source = mappedSource();

        ko.utils.domNodeDisposal.addDisposeCallback(element, function () {

        //initialize autocomplete
    update: function(element, valueAccessor, allBindingsAccessor, viewModel) {
       //update value based on a model change
       var allBindings = allBindingsAccessor(),
           unwrap = ko.utils.unwrapObservable,
           modelValue = unwrap(allBindings.jqAutoValue) || '', 
           valueProp = allBindings.jqAutoSourceValue,
           inputValueProp = allBindings.jqAutoSourceInputValue || valueProp;

       //if we are writing a different property to the input than we are writing to the model, then locate the object
       if (valueProp && inputValueProp !== valueProp) {
           var source = unwrap(allBindings.jqAutoSource) || [];
           var modelValue = ko.utils.arrayFirst(source, function(item) {
                 return unwrap(item[valueProp]) === modelValue;
           }) || {};             

       //update the element with the value that should be shown in the input
       $(element).val(modelValue && inputValueProp !== valueProp ? unwrap(modelValue[inputValueProp]) : modelValue.toString());    

You would use it like:

<input data-bind="jqAuto: { autoFocus: true }, jqAutoSource: myPeople, jqAutoValue: mySelectedGuid, jqAutoSourceLabel: 'displayName', jqAutoSourceInputValue: 'name', jqAutoSourceValue: 'guid'" />

UPDATE: I am maintaining a version of this binding here: