Newbieee Newbieee - 2 months ago 14
Python Question

Django 1.9 check if email already exists

My site is set up so there is no username (or rather user.username = user.email). Django has an error message if a user tries to input a username that is already in the database, however since I'm not using a username for registration I can't figure out how to do this.

Just like the default settings already is, I don't want to reload the page to find out if there is an email address already associated with a user. My guess is to use Ajax, but I can't figure out how to do it. Ive looked at other posts, but there doesn't seem to be anything recent.

How can I check to see if an email address already exists, and if so, give an error message for the user to input a new email address?

models.py:

class MyUsers(models.Model):
user = models.OneToOneField(User)
first_name = models.CharField(max_length=100, blank=True)
last_name = models.CharField(max_length=100, blank=True)
email = models.EmailField(max_length=100, blank=True, unique=True)
company = models.CharField(max_length=100, blank=True, null=True)
website = models.URLField(max_length=100, blank=True, null=True)
phone_number = models.CharField(max_length=100, blank=True, null=True)

def __str__(self):
return self.user.username


forms.py:

class UserForm(forms.ModelForm):
class Meta:
model = User
fields = ('email',)


class UserProfileForm(forms.ModelForm):
class Meta:
model = UserProfile
fields = ('first_name', 'last_name', 'company', 'website', 'phone_number')


views.py:

def index(request):
registered = False

if request.method == 'POST':
user_form = UserForm(data=request.POST)
profile_form = UserProfileForm(data=request.POST)

if user_form.is_valid() and profile_form.is_valid():
user = user_form.save()
user.set_password(user.password)
user.password = ""
user.username = user.email
user.save()

profile = profile_form.save(commit=False)
profile.user = user
profile.email = user.email
profile.save()

user.first_name = profile.first_name
user.last_name = profile.last_name
user.save()

registered = True
return HttpResponseRedirect(reverse('registration'))
else:
print user_form.errors, profile_form.errors
else:
user_form = UserForm()
profile_form = UserProfileForm1()

context = {'user_form': user_form, 'profile_form': profile_form, 'registered': registered}
return render(request, 'mysite/register.html', context)


register.html:

{% extends 'mysite/base.html' %}
{% load staticfiles %}

{% block title_block %}
Register
{% endblock %}

{% block head_block %}
{% endblock %}

{% block body_block %}
<form id="user_form" method="post" action="/mysite/" enctype="multipart/form-data">
{% csrf_token %}
{{ user_form.as_p }}
{{ profile_form.as_p }}

<input type="submit" name="submit" value="Register" />
</form>
{% endblock %}

Answer

You can override the clean_<INSERT_FIELD_HERE>() method on the UserForm to check against this particular case. It'd look something like this:

forms.py:

class UserForm(forms.ModelForm):
    class Meta:
        model = User
        fields = ('email',)

    def clean_email(self):
        # Get the email
        email = self.cleaned_data.get('email')

        # Check to see if any users already exist with this email as a username.
        try:
            match = User.objects.get(username=email)
        except User.DoesNotExist:
            # Unable to find a user, this is fine
            return email

        # A user was found with this as a username, raise an error.
        raise forms.ValidationError('This email address is already in use.')

class UserProfileForm(forms.ModelForm):
    class Meta:
        model = UserProfile
        fields = ('first_name', 'last_name', 'company', 'website', 'phone_number')

You can read more about cleaning specific fields in a form in the Django documentation about forms.

That said, I think you should look into creating a custom user model instead of treating your User Profile class as a wrapper for User.