XylemRaj XylemRaj - 1 month ago 10
Java Question

how to calculate age or difference between two dates in java

I want to get the number of months between 2 dates.The dates are someones birthday and the current date.So i m getting the number of years in between the two dates but not the number of months..

Suppose my dates are 06/09/2011 and 06/11/2012.So i want the answer to be 1yr 2mths .I am getting the year but not the month.Please help.Below is the code for getting the number of years

public int getAge(Date dateOfBirth) {

today = Calendar.getInstance();
Calendar birthDate = Calendar.getInstance();

birthDate.setTime(dateOfBirth);
if (birthDate.after(today)) {
throw new IllegalArgumentException("Can't be born in the future");
}

age = today.get(Calendar.YEAR) - birthDate.get(Calendar.YEAR);
month = today.get(Calendar.MONTH) - birthDate.get(Calendar.MONTH);

if ( (birthDate.get(Calendar.DAY_OF_YEAR) - today.get(Calendar.DAY_OF_YEAR) > 3) ||
(birthDate.get(Calendar.MONTH) > today.get(Calendar.MONTH ))){
days = birthDate.get(Calendar.DAY_OF_MONTH) - today.get(Calendar.DAY_OF_MONTH);
age--;

Toast.makeText(getApplicationContext(), "inside if", Toast.LENGTH_SHORT).show();
Log.e("month is",month+"");
Log.e("Days",days+ " left");


}else if ((birthDate.get(Calendar.MONTH) == today.get(Calendar.MONTH )) &&
(birthDate.get(Calendar.DAY_OF_MONTH) > today.get(Calendar.DAY_OF_MONTH ))){
Toast.makeText(getApplicationContext(), "inside else if", Toast.LENGTH_SHORT).show();

age--;
}

return age;

Answer

I have recently created a demo and uploaded here.

It is using JodaTime library for efficient results.

I hope it will be useful.

Screenshot:

screenshot

Code:

MainActivity.java

public class MainActivity extends Activity {

    private SimpleDateFormat mSimpleDateFormat;
    private PeriodFormatter mPeriodFormat;

    private Date startDate;
    private Date endDate;
    private Date birthDate;


    private TextView tvStartDate,tvEndDate,tvDifferenceStandard,tvDifferenceCustom,tvBirthDate,tvAgeStandard,tvAgeCustom;

    @Override
    protected void onCreate(Bundle savedInstanceState) {
        super.onCreate(savedInstanceState);
        setContentView(R.layout.activity_main);

        init();

        //determine dateDiff
        Period dateDiff = calcDiff(startDate,endDate);
        tvDifferenceStandard.setText(PeriodFormat.wordBased().print(dateDiff));
        tvDifferenceCustom.setText( mPeriodFormat.print(dateDiff));


        //determine age
        Period age = calcDiff(birthDate,new Date());
        tvAgeStandard.setText(PeriodFormat.wordBased().print(age));
        tvAgeCustom.setText( mPeriodFormat.print(age));

    }

    private void init() {

        //ui
        tvStartDate = (TextView)findViewById(R.id.tvStartDate);
        tvEndDate = (TextView)findViewById(R.id.tvEndDate);
        tvDifferenceStandard = (TextView)findViewById(R.id.tvDifferenceStandard);
        tvDifferenceCustom = (TextView)findViewById(R.id.tvDifferenceCustom);
        tvBirthDate = (TextView)findViewById(R.id.tvBirthDate);
        tvAgeStandard = (TextView)findViewById(R.id.tvAgeStandard);
        tvAgeCustom = (TextView)findViewById(R.id.tvAgeCustom);



        //components
        mSimpleDateFormat = new SimpleDateFormat("dd/MM/yy");
        mPeriodFormat = new PeriodFormatterBuilder().appendYears().appendSuffix(" year(s) ").appendMonths().appendSuffix(" month(s) ").appendDays().appendSuffix(" day(s) ").printZeroNever().toFormatter();


        try {
            startDate = mSimpleDateFormat.parse(tvStartDate.getText().toString());
            endDate =  mSimpleDateFormat.parse(tvEndDate.getText().toString());
            birthDate = mSimpleDateFormat.parse(tvBirthDate.getText().toString());

        } catch (ParseException e) {
            // TODO Auto-generated catch block
            e.printStackTrace();
        }
    }

    private Period calcDiff(Date startDate,Date endDate)
    {
        DateTime START_DT = (startDate==null)?null:new DateTime(startDate);
        DateTime END_DT = (endDate==null)?null:new DateTime(endDate);

        Period period = new Period(START_DT, END_DT);

        return period;

    }

}

activity_main.xml

<LinearLayout xmlns:android="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android"
xmlns:tools="http://schemas.android.com/tools"
android:layout_width="match_parent"
android:layout_height="match_parent"
android:orientation="vertical"
android:paddingBottom="@dimen/activity_vertical_margin"
android:paddingLeft="@dimen/activity_horizontal_margin"
android:paddingRight="@dimen/activity_horizontal_margin"
android:paddingTop="@dimen/activity_vertical_margin"
tools:context=".MainActivity" >


<TextView 
    android:layout_width="match_parent"
    android:layout_height="wrap_content"
    android:text="Date Diff Calculator"
    android:textStyle="bold"
    android:gravity="center"
    android:background="@android:color/darker_gray"
    />


<TextView
    android:layout_width="match_parent"
    android:layout_height="wrap_content"
    android:textStyle="bold"
    android:text="Start Date:" />

<TextView
    android:id="@+id/tvStartDate"
    android:layout_width="match_parent"
    android:layout_height="wrap_content"
    android:text="06/09/2011" />

<TextView
    android:layout_width="match_parent"
    android:layout_height="wrap_content"
    android:textStyle="bold"
    android:text="End Date:" />

<TextView
    android:id="@+id/tvEndDate"
    android:layout_width="match_parent"
    android:layout_height="wrap_content"
    android:text="29/10/2013" />

<TextView
    android:layout_width="match_parent"
    android:layout_height="wrap_content"
    android:textStyle="bold"
    android:text="Difference (Standard)" />

<TextView
    android:id="@+id/tvDifferenceStandard"
    android:layout_width="match_parent"
    android:layout_height="wrap_content"
    android:text="result" />

<TextView
    android:layout_width="match_parent"
    android:layout_height="wrap_content"
    android:textStyle="bold"
    android:text="Difference (Custom)" />

<TextView
    android:id="@+id/tvDifferenceCustom"
    android:layout_width="match_parent"
    android:layout_height="wrap_content"
    android:text="result" />


<TextView 
    android:layout_width="match_parent"
    android:layout_height="wrap_content"
    android:text="Age Calculator"
    android:textStyle="bold"
    android:gravity="center"
    android:background="@android:color/darker_gray"
    />

<TextView
    android:layout_width="match_parent"
    android:layout_height="wrap_content"
    android:textStyle="bold"
    android:text="Birth Date:" />

<TextView
    android:id="@+id/tvBirthDate"
    android:layout_width="match_parent"
    android:layout_height="wrap_content"
    android:text="01/09/1989" />

<TextView
    android:layout_width="match_parent"
    android:layout_height="wrap_content"
    android:textStyle="bold"
    android:text="Age (Standard)" />

<TextView
    android:id="@+id/tvAgeStandard"
    android:layout_width="match_parent"
    android:layout_height="wrap_content"
    android:text="result" />

<TextView
    android:layout_width="match_parent"
    android:layout_height="wrap_content"
    android:textStyle="bold"
    android:text="Age (Custom)" />

<TextView
    android:id="@+id/tvAgeCustom"
    android:layout_width="match_parent"
    android:layout_height="wrap_content"
    android:text="result" />

Note:

1) don't forget to add JodaTime library to your project

2) As you can see in layout file, I have used fixed value for "Start Date","End Date" to calculate Date Difference and fixed value for "Birth Date" to calculate Age. You may replace it with your dynamic values.