Marcus Hansson - 1 year ago 55
C# Question

# C#/C++: How to visualize muli-dimensional arrays

For example: A two-dimensional array can be visualized like a brick-wall with square bricks, where every brick represents a coordinate in our array. A 3-dimensional array can in the same way be visualized as a box, or cube.

But, here is the tricky part, how do you visualize an array with multiple (More than 3) dimensions? Or, for that part, how do you visualize an array with not only multiple dimensions, but multiple dimensions in several layers?

For example: How do you visualize an array such as this: Array[3,3,3,3][3,3][3,3,3,3,3][3]?

How you visualize the arrays really depends on their practical use. If you are using the arrays for spacial relations then you can benefit from imagining it as a cube, but you also lose the need to imagine more than 3 dimensions. If you really and truly wanted to implement a fourth time dimension, you could just imagine your cube with the contents changing as time progresses.

Otherwise you may be keeping track of strongly related records. Perhaps each of the first elements is a galaxy, the second-level elements are star clusters, the third-level elements are solar systems, the fourth-level elements are planets, the fifth-level elements are continents...

In this case you can imagine it was arrays within arrays. If you need a 4-dimensional array then you can imagine a cube, but each sub-cube is actually a one-dimensional array.

If you need a 5-dimensional array then you can imagine a cube, but each sub-cube is divided into your "brick wall" example.

6-dimensional is a cube with each sub-cube being its own divided cube.

This tends to fall apart at after 6 dimensions. Beyond this there is usually a more practical reason that you need so many dimensions. For example, websites like eHarmony do their match-making by using normal geometry on 20+ -dimensional spaces. You have one dimension for "humor", one for "good looks", one for "love of shopping"... Then you can take two people and apply distance formula (square each of the dimensional differences, add these differences, square root) and determine how compatible the two people are. So if one person scored "5, 3, 9, 2, 8, 4, 7, 3, 1" on our 9-dimensional personality matrix and another scored "9, 3, 7, 1, 8, 2, 8, 4, 7" then your compatibility is:

``````sqrt((5-9)^2+(3-3)^2+(9-7)^2+...)
``````

This can be applied over infinite dimensions and still work. Since these dimensions don't apply to space, however, there's no need to visualize them as such. Instead, in this particular case, we can actually imagine it as just a single-dimensional array with several integer values. The reason we can simplify this array, mind you, is that our multi-dimensional array only contains a single "1" and all of the rest are "0"s (indicating the location of the person in this array).

Moving away from the eHarmony example, the point is- after a certain amount of dimensions you usually have a practical purpose for the array which lends itself to a method of perceiving it.

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