venuktan venuktan - 1 month ago 7
C++ Question

Wrap C++ template class with boost python

I am try to wrap a C++ template class with booth python. I get errors with the current wrapper. The program is basically for creating customized vector's and use it in python.

#include <boost/python.hpp>

template <class T> class allocator{
T* allocate(size_t);
void deallocate(T* , size_t);
void construct(T*,T);
void destroy(T*);

template <class T> class vec{

typedef T* iterator;
typedef const T* const_iterator;
typedef size_t size_type;
typedef T value_type;

vec(){ create(); }
explicit vec(size_type n, const T& t =T()){ create (n,t);}
vec(const vec& v){ create(v.begin(),v.end());}
vec& operator= (const vec&);


T& operator[](size_type i){return data[i];}
const T& operator[]( size_type i) const { return data[i];}

void push_back(const T& t){
if (avail==limit)
size_type size() const{return avail-data;}

iterator begin () {return data;}
const_iterator begin () const {return data;}

iterator end () {return avail;}
const_iterator end () const {return avail;}

iterator data;
iterator limit;
iterator avail;

allocator<T> alloc;

void uninitialized_fill(T*, T*, const T&);
T* uninitialized_copy(T*,T*,T*);

void create();
void create(size_type,const T&);
void create (const_iterator, const_iterator);
void uncreate();

void grow();
void unchecked_append(const T&);

// create
template <class T> void vec<T>:: create(){
data = avail = limit = 0;

template <class T> void vec<T>::create(size_type n, const T& val){
data =alloc.allocate(n);
limit = avail = data + n;
uninitialized_fill(data, limit, val);

template <class T>
void vec<T>::create(const_iterator i, const_iterator j){
data = alloc.allocate(j - i);
limit = avail = uninitialized_copy(i,j, data);

template < class T> void vec<T>::uncreate(){
if (data){
iterator it = avail;
while (it != data)

alloc.deallocate(data, limit - data);
data = limit =avail = 0;

template <class T> void vec<T>::grow(){
size_type new_size = max(2 * (limit-data), ptrdiff_t(1));

iterator new_data = alloc.allocate(new_size);
iterator new_avail = uninitialized_copy(data, avail, new_data);


data = new_data;
avail = new_avail;
limit = data + new_size;

template <class T> void vec<T>::unchecked_append(const T& val){

the Boost python wrap is as follows:

using namespace boost::python;

Here are the errors

vec_ext.cpp:113:13: error: type/value mismatch at argument 1 in template parameter list for 'template<class T, class X1, class X2, class X3> class boost::python::class_'
vec_ext.cpp:113:13: error: expected a type, got 'vec'
vec_ext.cpp:114:5: error: expected primary-expression before '.' token
vec_ext.cpp:114:18: error: 'std_item' was not declared in this scope
vec_ext.cpp:114:30: error: missing template arguments before '>' token
vec_ext.cpp:114:31: error: '::size' has not been declared
vec_ext.cpp:114:31: note: suggested alternative:
size_fwd.hpp:20:38: note: 'boost::mpl::size'
vec_ext.cpp:116:5: error: expected primary-expression before '.' token
vec_ext.cpp:116:31: error: missing template arguments before '>' token
vec_ext.cpp:116:32: error: '::begin' has not been declared
vec_ext.cpp:116:32: note: suggested alternative:
begin_end_fwd.hpp:22:38: note: 'boost::mpl::begin'
vec_ext.cpp:118:5: error: expected primary-expression before '.' token
vec_ext.cpp:118:29: error: missing template arguments before '>' token
vec_ext.cpp:118:30: error: '::end' has not been declared
vec_ext.cpp:118:30: note: suggested alternative:
begin_end_fwd.hpp:23:38: note: 'boost::mpl::end'


The easiest way for your task is to inherit from STL vector interface and use Boost Python vector_indexing_suite, otherwise you had to manually implement slice operations for Python interface that is not so fast and trivial.

But as for the original question Wrap C++ template class then I faced with the next problem when wrapped templates:

template<typename LinksT>
class Base {
  virtual ~Base()  {}
  virtual Base* x() = 0;

template<typename LinksT>
class BaseWrap : public Base<LinksT>, public wrapper<Base<LinksT>> {
  virtual Base<LinksT>* x() { return this->get_override("x")(); }

    class_<BaseWrap<LinksT>, noncopyable>("Base", no_init)
      .def("x", pure_virtual(&Base<LinksT>::x), return_internal_reference<>())

fails to compile on GCC 4.8 under Linux, thought for direct classes it works fine:

class Base {
  virtual ~Base()  {}
  virtual Base* x() = 0;

class BaseWrap : public Base, public wrapper<Base> {
  virtual Base* x() { return this->get_override("x")(); }

    class_<BaseWrap, noncopyable>("Base", no_init)
      .def("x", pure_virtual(&Base::x), return_internal_reference<>())

There were 2 issues:

  1. I had to specify -ftemplate-backtrace-limit=64 (default it's 10) compiler flag to allow instantiate more inner templates
  2. I had to instantiate template before the BOOST_PYTHON_MODULE(xxx) declaration:
template class BaseWrap<SimpleLinks>;
{ ...

then it works fine.