Gerdin - 1 year ago 116
R Question

# Divide row value by aggregated sum in R data.frame

I have the following data frame

``````dat <- data.frame(x=c(1,2,3,3,2,1), y=c(3,4,4,5,2,5))
``````

Now I would like to get a third column dividing the y row value by the aggregated y values (based on the unique values in column x). So, then I get row 1 as following: 1,3,0.375; 0.375 has been calculated as 3 / (5+3).

I'm relatively new to R and I hope you can help me. Thank you!

There are various ways of solving this, here's one

``````with(dat, ave(y, x, FUN = function(x) x/sum(x)))
## [1] 0.3750000 0.6666667 0.4444444 0.5555556 0.3333333 0.6250000
``````

Here's another possibility

``````library(data.table)
setDT(dat)[, z := y/sum(y), by = x]
dat
#    x y         z
# 1: 1 3 0.3750000
# 2: 2 4 0.6666667
# 3: 3 4 0.4444444
# 4: 3 5 0.5555556
# 5: 2 2 0.3333333
# 6: 1 5 0.6250000
``````

Here's a third one

``````library(dplyr)
dat %>%
group_by(x) %>%
mutate(z = y/sum(y))

# Source: local data frame [6 x 3]
# Groups: x
#
# x y         z
# 1 1 3 0.3750000
# 2 2 4 0.6666667
# 3 3 4 0.4444444
# 4 3 5 0.5555556
# 5 2 2 0.3333333
# 6 1 5 0.6250000
``````
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