user562 user562 - 1 month ago 20
Android Question

How to set android TabLayout in the bottom of the screen?

this is my first time on Stack Over so please bare with me. My question is how I can set the new android material design TabLayout to be in the bottom of the screen, kind of like Instagram's bottom toolbar.
If you have never seen Instagram's UI here is a screenshot of it. If there is a better way of approaching this, please feel free to post it here (with a code example if possible), I will greatly appreciate it.

Here is my code: activity_main.xml


<android.support.design.widget.AppBarLayout
android:layout_width="match_parent"
android:layout_height="wrap_content"
android:theme="@style/ThemeOverlay.AppCompat.Dark.ActionBar">

<android.support.v7.widget.Toolbar
android:id="@+id/toolbar"
android:layout_width="match_parent"
android:layout_height="?attr/actionBarSize"
android:background="?attr/colorPrimary"
app:layout_scrollFlags="scroll|enterAlways"
app:popupTheme="@style/ThemeOverlay.AppCompat.Light" />

<android.support.design.widget.TabLayout
android:id="@+id/tabs"
android:layout_width="match_parent"
android:layout_height="wrap_content"
app:tabMode="fixed"
app:tabGravity="fill"/>
</android.support.design.widget.AppBarLayout>

<android.support.v4.view.ViewPager
android:id="@+id/viewpager"
android:layout_width="match_parent"
android:layout_height="match_parent"
app:layout_behavior="@string/appbar_scrolling_view_behavior" />




I have tried many methods and workarounds suggested by the Stack Overflow community, but none seems to work with this new implementation of tabs in android. I know this UI design does not follow android design guidelines, so please don't comment on it. This UI design is vital to my application's UX and I would appreciate getting an answer for it. Thank you!

Answer

I believe I have the best simple fix. Use a LinearLayout and set the height of the viewpager to be 0dp with a layout_weight="1". Make sure the LinearLayout has an orientation of vertical and that the viewpager comes before the TabLayout. Here is what mines looks like:

<LinearLayout xmlns:android="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android"
    xmlns:tools="http://schemas.android.com/tools"
    android:layout_width="match_parent"
    android:layout_height="match_parent"
    tools:context=".MainActivity"
    android:orientation="vertical">

    <include layout="@layout/toolbar" android:id="@+id/main_toolbar"/>

    <android.support.v4.view.ViewPager
        android:id="@+id/viewpager"
        android:layout_width="match_parent"
        android:layout_height="0dp"
        android:layout_weight="1"
        android:background="@color/white"/>

    <android.support.design.widget.TabLayout
        android:id="@+id/sliding_tabs"
        android:layout_width="match_parent"
        android:layout_height="wrap_content"
        android:background="@color/blue"
        />

</LinearLayout>

And as a bonus, you should create your toolbar only once as toolbar.xml. So that way all you have to do is used the include tag. Makes your layout's more clean. Enjoy!

toolbar.xml

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>
<android.support.v7.widget.Toolbar xmlns:android="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android"
    xmlns:app="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res-auto"
    android:layout_width="match_parent"
    android:layout_height="wrap_content"
    android:background="?attr/colorPrimary"
    android:minHeight="?attr/actionBarSize"
    app:popupTheme="@style/ThemeOverlay.AppCompat.Light"
    app:theme="@style/ThemeOverlay.AppCompat.Dark.ActionBar" />

Update 11.2.2016: For those of you who don't know how to inflate the toolbar, here is how. Make sure that your Activity extends AppCompatActivity so you can call setSupportActionBar() and getSupportActionBar().

Toolbar mToolbar = (Toolbar) findViewById(R.id.invoice_toolbar);
setSupportActionBar(mToolbar);
getSupportActionBar().setDisplayHomeAsUpEnabled(true);