ZawMyoHtet ZawMyoHtet - 6 months ago 49
Android Question

Android custom numeric keyboard

I want to add numeric keyboard like the one in vault application


enter image description here


I don't know how to call it and how can I find in google ?

Answer
  1. Use TableLayout to create the numeric keyboard layout.
  2. Bind View.OnClickListener on each custom key view to response user input.
  3. In responses, append or delete text to that password field which implements by EditText.You can use append() or setText() to control what will be filled in the password field.

I write a custom view for reusing in anywhere, here is the code:

KeyboardView.java

public class KeyboardView extends FrameLayout implements View.OnClickListener {

    private EditText mPasswordField;

    public KeyboardView(Context context) {
        super(context);
        init();
    }

    public KeyboardView(Context context, AttributeSet attrs) {
        super(context, attrs);
        init();
    }

    public KeyboardView(Context context, AttributeSet attrs, int defStyleAttr) {
        super(context, attrs, defStyleAttr);
        init();
    }

    private void init() {
        inflate(getContext(), R.layout.keyboard, this);
        initViews();
    }

    private void initViews() {
        mPasswordField = $(R.id.password_field);
        $(R.id.t9_key_0).setOnClickListener(this);
        $(R.id.t9_key_1).setOnClickListener(this);
        $(R.id.t9_key_2).setOnClickListener(this);
        $(R.id.t9_key_3).setOnClickListener(this);
        $(R.id.t9_key_4).setOnClickListener(this);
        $(R.id.t9_key_5).setOnClickListener(this);
        $(R.id.t9_key_6).setOnClickListener(this);
        $(R.id.t9_key_7).setOnClickListener(this);
        $(R.id.t9_key_8).setOnClickListener(this);
        $(R.id.t9_key_9).setOnClickListener(this);
        $(R.id.t9_key_clear).setOnClickListener(this);
        $(R.id.t9_key_backspace).setOnClickListener(this);
    }

    @Override
    public void onClick(View v) {
        // handle number button click
        if (v.getTag() != null && "number_button".equals(v.getTag())) {
            mPasswordField.append(((TextView) v).getText());
            return;
        }
        switch (v.getId()) {
            case R.id.t9_key_clear: { // handle clear button
                mPasswordField.setText(null);
            }
            break;
            case R.id.t9_key_backspace: { // handle backspace button
                // delete one character
                Editable editable = mPasswordField.getText();
                int charCount = editable.length();
                if (charCount > 0) {
                    editable.delete(charCount - 1, charCount);
                }
            }
            break;
        }
    }

    public String getInputText() {
        return mPasswordField.getText().toString();
    }

    protected <T extends View> T $(@IdRes int id) {
        return (T) super.findViewById(id);
    }
}

layout keyboard.xml

<LinearLayout xmlns:android="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android"
    android:layout_width="match_parent"
    android:layout_height="wrap_content"
    android:orientation="vertical"
    android:padding="8dp">

    <EditText
        android:id="@+id/password_field"
        android:layout_width="match_parent"
        android:layout_height="wrap_content"
        android:layout_marginBottom="8dp"
        android:background="#eeeeee"
        android:enabled="false"
        android:minHeight="48dp"
        android:paddingLeft="8dp"
        android:paddingRight="8dp"
        android:singleLine="true"
        android:textAppearance="?android:attr/textAppearanceMedium"/>

    <TableLayout
        android:id="@+id/keyboard"
        android:layout_width="match_parent"
        android:layout_height="wrap_content"
        android:background="@android:color/white"
        android:divider="@drawable/keyboard_divider"
        android:orientation="vertical"
        android:showDividers="beginning|middle|end">

        <TableRow style="@style/keyboard_row">

            <TextView
                android:id="@+id/t9_key_1"
                style="@style/keyboard_number_button"
                android:text="@string/number_one"/>

            <TextView
                android:id="@+id/t9_key_2"
                style="@style/keyboard_number_button"
                android:text="@string/number_two"/>

            <TextView
                android:id="@+id/t9_key_3"
                style="@style/keyboard_number_button"
                android:text="@string/number_three"/>
        </TableRow>

        <TableRow style="@style/keyboard_row">

            <TextView
                android:id="@+id/t9_key_4"
                style="@style/keyboard_number_button"
                android:text="@string/number_four"/>

            <TextView
                android:id="@+id/t9_key_5"
                style="@style/keyboard_number_button"
                android:text="@string/number_five"/>

            <TextView
                android:id="@+id/t9_key_6"
                style="@style/keyboard_number_button"
                android:text="@string/number_six"/>
        </TableRow>

        <TableRow style="@style/keyboard_row">

            <TextView
                android:id="@+id/t9_key_7"
                style="@style/keyboard_number_button"
                android:text="@string/number_seven"/>

            <TextView
                android:id="@+id/t9_key_8"
                style="@style/keyboard_number_button"
                android:text="@string/number_eight"/>

            <TextView
                android:id="@+id/t9_key_9"
                style="@style/keyboard_number_button"
                android:text="@string/number_nine"/>
        </TableRow>

        <TableRow style="@style/keyboard_row">

            <TextView
                android:id="@+id/t9_key_clear"
                style="@style/keyboard_button"
                android:text="@string/btn_clear"
                android:textAppearance="?android:attr/textAppearanceMedium"/>

            <TextView
                android:id="@+id/t9_key_0"
                style="@style/keyboard_number_button"
                android:text="@string/number_zero"/>

            <TextView
                android:id="@+id/t9_key_backspace"
                style="@style/keyboard_button"
                android:text="@string/btn_backspace"
                android:textAppearance="?android:attr/textAppearanceMedium"/>
        </TableRow>
    </TableLayout>
</LinearLayout>

style.xml

<style name="keyboard_row">
    <item name="android:layout_width">match_parent</item>
    <item name="android:layout_height">wrap_content</item>
    <item name="android:divider">@drawable/keyboard_divider</item>
    <item name="android:gravity">center</item>
    <item name="android:showDividers">beginning|middle|end</item>
</style>

<style name="keyboard_button">
    <item name="android:layout_width">0dp</item>
    <item name="android:layout_height">match_parent</item>
    <item name="android:layout_weight">1</item>
    <item name="android:paddingTop">12dp</item>
    <item name="android:paddingBottom">12dp</item>
    <item name="android:clickable">true</item>
    <item name="android:gravity">center</item>
    <item name="android:scaleType">centerInside</item>
    <item name="android:background">@drawable/keyboard_button_bg</item>
    <item name="android:textAppearance">?android:attr/textAppearanceLarge</item>
</style>

<style name="keyboard_number_button" parent="keyboard_button">
    <item name="android:tag">number_button</item>
</style>

drawable keyboard_button_bg.xml

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>
<selector xmlns:android="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android" android:exitFadeDuration="@android:integer/config_shortAnimTime">
    <item android:state_pressed="true">
        <shape>
            <solid android:color="#dddddd"/>
        </shape>
    </item>
    <item android:state_pressed="false">
        <shape>
            <solid android:color="@android:color/transparent"/>
        </shape>
    </item>
</selector> 

drawable keyboard_divider.xml

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>
<shape xmlns:android="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android">
    <solid android:color="#dddddd"/>
    <size
        android:width="1px"
        android:height="1px"/>
</shape>

strings.xml

<string name="number_zero">0</string>
<string name="number_one">1</string>
<string name="number_two">2</string>
<string name="number_three">3</string>
<string name="number_four">4</string>
<string name="number_five">5</string>
<string name="number_six">6</string>
<string name="number_seven">7</string>
<string name="number_eight">8</string>
<string name="number_nine">9</string>
<string name="btn_clear">Clear</string>
<string name="btn_backspace">Back</string>

Use the custom KeyboardView in your layout :

<com.xxx.yyy.KeyboardView
    android:layout_width="match_parent"
    android:layout_height="wrap_content"/>

Old answer:

The keyboard layout code looks like this:

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>

<TableLayout xmlns:android="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android"
    android:id="@+id/anti_theft_t9_grid"
    android:layout_width="match_parent"
    android:layout_height="wrap_content"
    android:background="@color/white_grey"
    android:divider="@android:color/darker_gray"
    android:orientation="vertical"
    android:showDividers="middle|beginning|end" >

<TableRow
    android:layout_width="fill_parent"
    android:layout_height="wrap_content"
    android:divider="@android:color/darker_gray"
    android:gravity="center"
    android:showDividers="middle" >

    <TextView
        android:id="@+id/anti_theft_t9_key_1"
        style="@style/anti_theft_t9_key"
        android:text="@string/number_one"
        android:textIsSelectable="false" />

    <TextView
        android:id="@+id/anti_theft_t9_key_2"
        style="@style/anti_theft_t9_key"
        android:text="@string/number_two"
        android:textIsSelectable="false" />

    <TextView
        android:id="@+id/anti_theft_t9_key_3"
        style="@style/anti_theft_t9_key"
        android:text="@string/number_three"
        android:textIsSelectable="false" />
</TableRow>

<TableRow
    android:layout_width="fill_parent"
    android:layout_height="wrap_content"
    android:divider="@android:color/darker_gray"
    android:gravity="center"
    android:showDividers="middle" >

    <TextView
        android:id="@+id/anti_theft_t9_key_4"
        style="@style/anti_theft_t9_key"
        android:text="@string/number_four"
        android:textIsSelectable="false" />

    <TextView
        android:id="@+id/anti_theft_t9_key_5"
        style="@style/anti_theft_t9_key"
        android:text="@string/number_five"
        android:textIsSelectable="false" />

    <TextView
        android:id="@+id/anti_theft_t9_key_6"
        style="@style/anti_theft_t9_key"
        android:text="@string/number_six"
        android:textIsSelectable="false" />
</TableRow>

<TableRow
    android:layout_width="fill_parent"
    android:layout_height="wrap_content"
    android:divider="@android:color/darker_gray"
    android:gravity="center"
    android:showDividers="middle" >

    <TextView
        android:id="@+id/anti_theft_t9_key_7"
        style="@style/anti_theft_t9_key"
        android:text="@string/number_seven"
        android:textIsSelectable="false" />

    <TextView
        android:id="@+id/anti_theft_t9_key_8"
        style="@style/anti_theft_t9_key"
        android:text="@string/number_eight"
        android:textIsSelectable="false" />

    <TextView
        android:id="@+id/anti_theft_t9_key_9"
        style="@style/anti_theft_t9_key"
        android:text="@string/number_nine"
        android:textIsSelectable="false" />
</TableRow>

<TableRow
    android:layout_width="fill_parent"
    android:layout_height="wrap_content"
    android:divider="@android:color/darker_gray"
    android:gravity="center"
    android:showDividers="middle" >

    <TextView
        android:id="@+id/anti_theft_t9_key_clear"
        style="@style/anti_theft_t9_key"
        android:text="@string/anti_theft_keyboard_clear"
        android:textAppearance="?android:attr/textAppearanceMedium"
        android:textIsSelectable="false" />

    <TextView
        android:id="@+id/anti_theft_t9_key_0"
        style="@style/anti_theft_t9_key"
        android:text="@string/number_zero"
        android:textIsSelectable="false" />

    <ImageView
        android:id="@+id/anti_theft_t9_key_backspace"
        style="@style/anti_theft_t9_key"
        android:contentDescription="@string/app_name_for_anti_theft"
        android:src="@drawable/anti_theft_keyboard_backspace"
        android:textIsSelectable="false" />
</TableRow>

</TableLayout>

Each key style:

<style name="anti_theft_t9_key">
    <item name="android:layout_width">0dp</item>
    <item name="android:layout_height">wrap_content</item>
    <item name="android:layout_weight">1</item>
    <item name="android:paddingTop">@dimen/anti_theft_t9_key_paddingTop</item>
    <item name="android:paddingBottom">@dimen/anti_theft_t9_key_paddingBottom</item>
    <item name="android:clickable">true</item>
    <item name="android:gravity">center</item>
    <item name="android:scaleType">centerInside</item>
    <item name="android:background">@drawable/anti_theft_btn_blue_bg</item>
    <item name="android:textAppearance">?android:attr/textAppearanceLarge</item>
</style>

Responses of each key:

private EditText mEtPassword ;

private void setViews(){
    // find view references...
    // set OnClickListener to each key view...
}

private void onT9KeyClicked(int key) {
    switch (key) {
    case R.id.anti_theft_t9_key_0:
        mEtPassword.append("0");
        break;
    case R.id.anti_theft_t9_key_1:
        mEtPassword.append("1");
        break;
    case R.id.anti_theft_t9_key_2:
        mEtPassword.append("2");
        break;
    case R.id.anti_theft_t9_key_3:
        mEtPassword.append("3");
        break;
    case R.id.anti_theft_t9_key_4:
        mEtPassword.append("4");
        break;
    case R.id.anti_theft_t9_key_5:
        mEtPassword.append("5");
        break;
    case R.id.anti_theft_t9_key_6:
        mEtPassword.append("6");
        break;
    case R.id.anti_theft_t9_key_7:
        mEtPassword.append("7");
        break;
    case R.id.anti_theft_t9_key_8:
        mEtPassword.append("8");
        break;
    case R.id.anti_theft_t9_key_9:
        mEtPassword.append("9");
        break;
    case R.id.anti_theft_t9_key_backspace: {
        // delete one character
        String passwordStr = mEtPassword.getText().toString();
        if (passwordStr.length() > 0) {
            String newPasswordStr = new StringBuilder(passwordStr)
                    .deleteCharAt(passwordStr.length() - 1).toString();
            mEtPassword.setText(newPasswordStr);
        }
    }
        break;
    case R.id.anti_theft_t9_key_clear:
        // clear password field
        mEtPassword.setText(null);
        break;
    }
}