Jim Kieger Jim Kieger - 3 months ago 122
C++ Question

How to create/read/write JSon files in Qt5

Qt5 has a new JSon parser and I want to use it. The problem is that it isn't too clear about what the functions do in layman's terms and how to write code with it. That or I could be reading it wrong.

I want to know the code on creating a Json file in Qt5 and what "encapsulates" mean.

Answer

Example read json from file

/* test.json */
{
   "appDesc": {
      "description": "SomeDescription",
      "message": "SomeMessage"
   },
   "appName": {
      "description": "Home",
      "message": "Welcome",
      "imp":["awesome","best","good"]
   }
}


void readJson()
   {
      QString val;
      QFile file;
      file.setFileName("test.json");
      file.open(QIODevice::ReadOnly | QIODevice::Text);
      val = file.readAll();
      file.close();
      qWarning() << val;
      QJsonDocument d = QJsonDocument::fromJson(val.toUtf8());
      QJsonObject sett2 = d.object();
      QJsonValue value = sett2.value(QString("appName"));
      qWarning() << value;
      QJsonObject item = value.toObject();
      qWarning() << tr("QJsonObject of description: ") << item;

      /* incase of string value get value and convert into string*/
      qWarning() << tr("QJsonObject[appName] of description: ") << item["description"];
      QJsonValue subobj = item["description"];
      qWarning() << subobj.toString();

      /* incase of array get array and convert into string*/
      qWarning() << tr("QJsonObject[appName] of value: ") << item["imp"];
      QJsonArray test = item["imp"].toArray();
      qWarning() << test[1].toString();
   }

OUTPUT

QJsonValue(object, QJsonObject({"description": "Home","imp": ["awesome","best","good"],"message": "YouTube"}) ) 
"QJsonObject of description: " QJsonObject({"description": "Home","imp": ["awesome","best","good"],"message": "YouTube"}) 
"QJsonObject[appName] of description: " QJsonValue(string, "Home") 
"Home" 
"QJsonObject[appName] of value: " QJsonValue(array, QJsonArray(["awesome","best","good"]) ) 
"best" 

Example read json from string. ** **assign json to string as below and use above readJson() function

val =   
'  {
       "appDesc": {
          "description": "SomeDescription",
          "message": "SomeMessage"
       },
       "appName": {
          "description": "Home",
          "message": "Welcome",
          "imp":["awesome","best","good"]
       }
    }';

OUTPUT

QJsonValue(object, QJsonObject({"description": "Home","imp": ["awesome","best","good"],"message": "YouTube"}) ) 
"QJsonObject of description: " QJsonObject({"description": "Home","imp": ["awesome","best","good"],"message": "YouTube"}) 
"QJsonObject[appName] of description: " QJsonValue(string, "Home") 
"Home" 
"QJsonObject[appName] of value: " QJsonValue(array, QJsonArray(["awesome","best","good"]) ) 
"best"